Profile for Charles Ichoku

Title: Research Physical Scientist
Contact: E-mail
Code 613
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Office Phone: 301-614-6212
Fax: 301-614-6307

Brief Bio

Dr. Charles Ichoku is a Research Physical Scientist with the Climate and Radiation Laboratory at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. He is actively involved in the development of innovative remote sensing approaches for global characterization of fires, their smoke emissions, and atmospheric aerosols in general, as well as evaluating their impacts on the environment and climate. However, his activities over the years have included developing and applying both experimental and remote sensing approaches to research in various branches of the earth sciences, including geology and geodynamics, hydrology, and atmospheric studies. He has won several NASA individual and group achievement awards, and has published more than 50 papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals. 

Research Interests

Fire Energetics and Emissions Research (FEER)

Quantitative characterization of biomass burning processes and impacts from space-based, airborne, and ground-based measurements to improve the understanding of the global distribution, causes, seasonality, and overall impacts of biomass burning. This involves a comprehensive analysis of energy release from fires as measured by remote sensing and it's relationship to biomass consumption, smoke plume injection, and aerosol and trace-gas emissions.

African Environmental Processes and Water-Cycle Dynamics

Coordination and active involvement in interdisciplinary research to unravel the relationships between the various environmental processes in sub-Saharan Africa and the water cycle dynamics. We seek to quantify the impact of land-use activities, including the extensive seasonal biomass burning across the northern sub-Saharan African region (bounded to the north and south by the Sahara and the Equator, respectively), on various elements of the water cycle in that region, including soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and eventually, precipitation.

Atmospheric Aerosol Remote Sensing

Contribute meaningfully toward a more complete scientific understanding of the atmospheric aerosol phenomenon through remote sensing from space, validation using ground-based and airborne measurements, multi-sensor uncertainty analysis, and application to model evaluation.


Updates to our publications records have been put on hold until a new storage and delivery system has been put in place. As a result, this information is currently out of date and does not include the most recent publications. For a more complete listing of publications, please visit the Sciences and Exporation Directorate.

Gatebe, C.K., C.M. Ichoku, R. Poudyal, M.O. Roman, and E. Wilcox (2014). Surface albedo darkening from wildfires in northern sub-Saharan Africa Environ. Res. Lett., 9.

Ichoku, C., and L. Ellison (2014). Global top-down smoke aerosol emissions estimation using satellite fire radiative power measurements Atmos. Chem. Phys, 14, 6643-6667

Matsui, T., C. Ichoku, C. Randles, T. Yuan, A.M. da Silva, P. Colarco, D. Kim, R. Levy, A. Sayer, M. Chin, D. Giles, B. Holben, E.J. Welton, T. Eck, and L. Remer (2014). Current and Future Perspectives of Aerosol Research at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center BAMS, (In Press).

Schroeder, E., C. Ichoku, L. Ellison, M. B. Dickinson, R. D. Ottmar, C. Clements, D. Hall, V. Ambrosia, and R. Kremens (2014). Integrated active fire retrievals and biomass burning emissions using complementary near-coincident ground, airborne, and spaceborne sensor data Rem. Sens. Environ, 140, 719-730

Anderson, J., J. Wang, J. Zeng, G. Leptoukh, Petrenko, Maksym, C. Ichoku, and C. Hu (2013). Long-term statistical assessment of Aqua-MODIS aerosol optical depth over coastal regions: bias characteristics and uncertainty sources Tellus B, 65, 20805.

Petrenko, Maksym, and C. Ichoku (2013). Coherent uncertainty analysis of aerosol measurements from multiple satellite sensors Atmos. Chem. Phys. Dis, 13, 6777-6805

Yang, Z., J. Wang, C. Ichoku, E. Hyer, and J. Zeng (2013). Mesoscale modeling and satellite observation of transport and mixing of smoke and dust particles over northern sub-Saharan African region J. Geophy., Res.,-Atmos, 118, 12139-12157

Anderson, J., J. Wang, J. Zeng, Petrenko, Maksym, G. Leptoukh, and C. Ichoku (2012). Accuracy assessment of Aqua-MODIS aerosol optical depth over coastal regions: importance of quality flag and sea surface wind speed. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 5, 5205-5243

Gatebe, C.K., T. Varnai, R. Poudyal, C. Ichoku, and M.D. King (2012). Taking the Pulse of PyroCumulus Clouds. Atmos. Environ., 52, 121-130

Ichoku, C., R. Kahn, and M. Chin (2012). Satellite Contributions to the Quantitative Characterization of Biomass Burning for Climate Modeling. Atmos. Res., 111, 1-28

Petrenko, Maksym, C. Ichoku, and G. Leptoukh (2012). Multi-sensor Aerosol Products Sampling System (MAPSS) Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss, 5, 909-945

Val Martin, M., R.A. Kahn, J.A. Logan, R. Paugam, M. Wooster, and C. Ichoku (2012). Space-based observations constraints for 1-D plume-rise models J. Geophy., Res, 117(D22).

Henderson S. B., C. Ichoku, B. J. Burkholder, M. Brauer, and P. L. Jackson (2010). The validity and utility of MODIS data for simple estimation of area burned and aerosols emitted by wildfire events Int'l Journal of Wildland Fire, 19(7), 844-852

Koukouli M. E., S. Kazadzis, V. Amiridis, C. Ichoku, D. S. Balis, and A. F. Bais (2010). Signs of a negative trend in the MODIS aerosol optical depth over the Southern Balkans Atmos. Env., 44(9), 1219-1228

Levy R.C., L.A. Remer, R.G. Kleidman, S. Mattoo, C. Ichoku, R. Kahn, and T. F. Eck (2010). Global evaluation of the Collection 5 MODIS dark-target aerosol products over land Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10399-10420

El-Askary H., R. Farouk, C. Ichoku, and M. Kafatos (2009). Transport of dust and anthropogenic aerosols across Alexandria, Egypt Ann. Geophys., 27(7), 2869-2879

Ichoku C., J. V. Martins, Y.J. Kaufman, M. J. Wooster, P. H. Freeborn, W. M. Hao, S. Baker, C. A. Ryan, and B. L. Nordgren (2009). Laboratory investigation of fire radiative energy and smoke aerosol emissions J. Geophys. Res., D14S09, 113(Kaufman Special Iss.).

Zerefos C. S., K. Eleftheratos, C. Meleti, S. Kazadzis, A. Romanou, C. Ichoku, G. Tselioudis, and A. Bais (2009). Solar dimming and brightening over Thessaloniki, Greece, and Beijing, China Tellus.

Freeborn P. H., M. J. Wooster, W. M. Hao, C. A. Ryan, B. L. Nordgren, S. P. Baker, and C. Ichoku (2008). Relationships between energy release, fuel mass loss, and trace gas and aerosol emissions during laboratory biomass fires J. Geophys. Res., 113, D01301.

Henderson S. B., B. Burkholder, P. L. Jackson, M. Brauer, and C. Ichoku (2008). Use of MODIS products to simplify and evaluate a forest fire plume dispersion model for PM10 exposure assessment Atmos. Env., Issue 36, ISSN 1352-2310., 42, 8524-8532

Ichoku C., L. Giglio, M. J. Wooster, and L.A. Remer (2008). Global characterization of biomass-burning patterns using satellite measurements of Fire Radiative Energy Remote Sens. Environ., 112, 2008., 2950-2962

Remer L.A., R.G. Kleidman, R.C. Levy, Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, S. Mattoo, J. V. Martins, C. Ichoku, I. Koren, H. Yu, and B. N. Holben (2008). Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors J. Geophys. Res., 113(D14S07).

Castanho A., R. Prinn, V. Martins, M. Herold, C. Ichoku, and L. T. Molina (2007). Urban Visible/SWIR surface reflectance ratios from satellite and sun photometer measurements in Mexico City Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 5467-5477

Ichoku C., L.A. Remer, and T. F. Eck (2005). Quantitative evaluation and intercomparison of morning and afternoon MODIS aerosol measurements from Terra and Aqua J. Geophys. Res. , D10S03, 110.

Ichoku C., and Y.J. Kaufman (2005). A method to derive smoke emission rates from MODIS fire radiative energy measurements IEEE Trans. on Geosc. & Rem. Sens. (11), 43, 2636-2649

Kaufman Y.J., L.A. Remer, D. Tanre, R. R. Li, R. Kleidman, S. Mattoo, R. Levy, T. Eck, B. N. Holben, C. Ichoku, J. Martins, and I. Koren (2005). A critical examination of the residual cloud contamination and diurnal sampling effects on MODIS estimates of aerosol over ocean IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., (12), 43, 2886-2897

Remer L.A., Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R.C. Levy, R.G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben (2005). The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 947-973

Ichoku C., Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, and R. Levy (2004). Global aerosol remote sensing from MODIS Advances in Space Research (2004), 34, 820-827

Ichoku C., Y.J. Kaufman, L. Giglio, Z. Li, R. H. Fraser, J. -Z. Jin, and W. M. Park (2003). Comparative analysis of daytime fire detection algorithms, using AVHRR data for the 1995 fire season in Canada: Perspective for MODIS Int. J. Rem. Sens, 24, (8) 1669-1690.

Ichoku C., L.A. Remer, Y.J. Kaufman, R. Levy, D. A. Chu, D. Tanre, and B. N. Holben (2003). MODIS observation of aerosols and estimation of aerosol radiative forcing over southern Africa during SAFARI 2000 J. Geophys. Res. (D13), 8499, 108.

Kaufman Y.J., C. Ichoku, L. Giglio, S. Korontzi, D. A. Chu, W. M. Hao, R. -R. Li, and C. O. Justice (2003). Fire and smoke observed from the earth observing system MODIS instrument - products, validation, and operational use Int. J. Rem. Sens., 24, 1765-1781

Levy R.C., L.A. Remer, D. Tanre, Y.J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, B. N. Holben, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, and H. Maring (2003). Evaluation of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) retrievals of dust aerosol over the ocean during PRIDE J. Geophys. Res. (D19), 8594, 108.

Chu D. A., Y.J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, L.A. Remer, D. Tanre, and B. N. Holben (2002). Validation of MODIS aerosol optical depth retrieval over land Geophys. Res. Lett., 29.

Ichoku C., D. A. Chu, S. Mattoo, Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, D. Tanre, I. Slutsker, and B. N. Holben (2002). A spatio-temporal approach for global validation and analysis of MODIS aerosol products Geophys. Res. Lett., 29.

Ichoku C., R. Levy, Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, R. -R. Li, V.J. Martins, B. N. Holben, N. Abuhassan, I. Slutsker, T. F. Eck, and C. Pietras (2002). Analysis of the performance characteristics of the five-channel Microtops II sun photometer for measuring aerosol optical thickness and precipitable water vapor J. Geophys. Res., NO. D13, 107.

Remer L.A., D. Tanre, Y.J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, S. Mattoo, R. Levy, D. A. Chu, B. N. Holben, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, J. V. Martins, R. -R. Li, and Z. Ahmad (2002). Validation of MODIS aerosol retrieval over ocean Geophys Res. Lett., 29.

Li Z., Y.J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, R. Fraser, A. Trishchenko, L. Giglio, and J. Jin (2001). A review of AVHRR-based active fire detection algorithms: Principles, limitations, and recommendations, in Global and Regional Vegetation Fire Monitoring From Space: Planning and Coordinated International Effort edited by F.J. Ahern, J.G. Goldammer, and C.O. Justice, SPB Acad., The Hague, 199-225

Sabbah I., C. Ichoku, Y.J. Kaufman, and L.A. Remer (2001). Full year cycle of desert dust spectral optical thickness and precipitable water vapor over Alexandria, Egypt J. Geophys. Res., 106, 18305-18316