Profile for Robert Levy

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Title: Research Physical Scientist
Contact: E-mail
Code 613
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Office Phone: 301-614-6123
Fax: 301-614-6307


Dr. Levy is responsible for upkeep, validation and improvement of the NASA-MODIS aerosol retrieval algorithms and products.  Along with developing a highly useful and successful product, he has collaborated with research groups around the world.  Dr. Levy’s research has ranged from applications of new algorithm development, monitoring surface air quality, aerosol/cloud interactions and aerosol trends. 
Web of Science publications and citation metrics can be found here.


2007       Ph.D., Atmospheric and Ocean Science, University of Maryland-College Park
1996       M.S., Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University-Fort Collins
1994       B.A. Mathematics, Oberlin College, Oberlin OH.

Professional Activities and Awards

2012: International Radiation Commission (IRC) Young scientist award
2010-present: Associate Editor of JGR-Atmospheres


Updates to our publications records have been put on hold until a new storage and delivery system has been put in place. As a result, this information is currently out of date and does not include the most recent publications. For a more complete listing of publications, please visit the Sciences and Exporation Directorate.

Chin, M., T. Diehl, Q. Tan, J. M. Prospero, R. A. Kahn, L. A. Remer, H. Yu, A. M. Sayer, H. Bian, I. V. Geogdzhayev, B. N. Holben, S. G. Howell, B. J. Huebert, N. C. Hsu, D. Kim, T. L. Kucsera, R. C. Levy, M. I. Mishchenko, X. Pan, P. K. Quinn, G. L. Schuster, D. G. Streets, S. A. Strode, O. Torres, and X.-P. Zhao (2014). Multi-decadal aerosol variations from 1980 to 2009: a perspective from observations and a global model. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 3657-3690.

Colarco, P., R.A. Kahn, L. Remer, and R.C. Levy (2014). Impact of satellite viewing-swath width on global and regional aerosol optical thickness statistics and trends Atmos. Meas. Tech, 7(7), 2313-2335

Livingston, J., J. Redemann, Y. Shinozuka, R. Johnson, P.B. Russell, Q. Zhang, S. Mattoo, L. Remer, R. Levy, L. Munchak, and S. Ramachandran (2014). Comparison of MODIS 3-km and 10-km resolution aerosol optical depth retrievals over land with airborne Sunphotometer measurements during ARCTAS summer 2008 Atmos. Chem. Phys, 14, 2015-2038

Matsui, T., C. Ichoku, C. Randles, T. Yuan, A.M. da Silva, P. Colarco, D. Kim, R. Levy, A. Sayer, M. Chin, D. Giles, B. Holben, E.J. Welton, T. Eck, and L. Remer (2014). Current and Future Perspectives of Aerosol Research at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center BAMS, (In Press).

Albayrak, A., J. Wei, M. Petrenko, C. Lynnes, and R.C. Levy (2013). Global bias adjustment for MODIS aerosol optical thickness using neural network J. Appl. Rem. Sens., 7((1)).

Kessner, A., Wang, Jun, R.C. Levy, and P. Colarco (2013). Remote sensing of surface visibility from space: A look at the United States East Coast Atmos. Env, 81(C), 136-147

Levy, R.C. (2013). Growing up MODIS: Towards a mature aerosol climate data record AIP Conference Proceedings, 1531, 31 (2013)

Levy, R., S. Mattoo, L.A. Munchak, L.A. Remer, A.M. Sayer, Patadia, F., and N. Hsu (2013). The Collection 6 MODIS Aerosol Products over Land and Ocean Atmos. Meas. Tech, 6, 2989-3034

Munchak, L., R.C. Levy, S. Mattoo, L.A. Remer, B.N. Holben, J.S. Schafer, C.A. Hostetler, and R.A. Ferrare (2013). MODIS 3km Aerosol Product: applications over land in an urban/suburban region Atmos. Meas. Tech, 6, 1747-1759

Remer, L., S. Mattoo, R.C. Levy, and L. Munchak (2013). MODIS 3km Aerosol Product: Algorithm and Global Perspective Atmos. Meas. Tech, 6, 1829-1844

Sorek-Hamer, M., A. Cohen, R.C. Levy, VB. Ziv, and D.M. Broday (2013). Classification of dust days by satellite remotely sensed aerosol products Int. J. Rem. Sens., 34, 8, 2672-2688

Van Donkelaar, R., R.J.D. Spurr, E. Drury, L.A. Remer, R.C. Levy, and J. Wang (2013). Optimal estimation for global ground-level fine particulate matter concentrations J. Geophy., Res, 118, 1-16

Wen, G., A. Marshak, R.C. Levy, L.A. Remer, N. G. Loeb, T. Varnai, and R.F. Cahalan (2013). Improvement of MODIS Aerosol Retrievals Near Clouds J. Geophy., Res.,-Atmos, 118, 9168-9181

Wen, G., A. Marshak, R. Levy, L. Remer, N. Loeb, T. Varnai, and R.F. Cahalan (2013). Implementation of the correction algorithm of the MODIS aerosol retrievals near clouds J. Geophy., Res, 118.

Colarco, Peter, R., L. Remer, R.A. Kahn, R.C. Levy, and Ellsworth J. Welton (2012). Implications of Satellite Swath Width on Global Aerosol Optical Thickness Statistics. Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., 5, 2795-2820

Gatebe, C.K., R.C. Levy, and A.M. Thompson (2012). Atmospheric Chemistry over Southern Africa: Changing Chemistry in a Changing Climate: Human and Natural Impacts over the Southern Africa Region (C4-SAR). EOS Trans., 93, No. 10, 110

Remer, L., S. Mattoo, R.C. Levy, A. Heidinger, R.B. Pierce, and M. Chin (2012). Retrieving aerosol in a cloudy environment: Aerosol availability as a function of spatial and temporal resolution Atmos. Meas. Tech, 5, 1823-1840

Remer, L. A., S. Mattoo, R. C. Levy, A. Heidinger, R. B. Pierce, and M. Chin (2012). Retrieving aerosol in a cloudy environment: aerosol availability as a function of spatial and temporal resolution Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5, 627-662

Wang, D., D. Morton, J. Masek, Aisheng Wu, J. Nagol, X. Xiong, R.C. Levy, R. Wolfe, and E. Vermote (2012). Impact of sensor degradation on the MODIS NDVI time series Rem. Sens. Environ, 119, 55-61

Zhang, Y., H. Yu, R.F. Eck, A. Smirnov, M.Chin, L. Remer, H. Bian, Q. Tan, R.C. Levy, B.N. Holben, and S. Piazzolla (2012). Aerosol Daytime Variations over North and South America Derived from Multiyear AERONET Measurements J. Geophys. Res. Atmos, 117, D05211.
doi: 10.1029/2011JD017242

Crusius, J., A. W. Schroth, S. Gasso, C.M. Moy, R.C. Levy, and M. Gatica (2011). Glacial flour dust storms in the Gulf of Alaska: Hydrologic and meteorological controls and their importance as a source of bioavailable iron Geophys. Res. Lett, 38, L06602.

Kahn, R.A., M. J. Garay, D. L. Nelson, R.C. Levy, M. A. Bull, D. J. Diner, J. V. Martonchik, E. G. Hanson, L. Remer, and D. Tanre (2011). Response to Toward unified satellite climatology of aerosol properties. 3. MODIS versus MISR versus AERONET J. Quan. Spec. & Rad. Trans., 112, 901-909

Kleidman, R., A. Smirnov, R.C. Levy, S. Mattoo, and D. Tanre (2011). Evaluation and wind speed dependence of MODIS aerosol retrievals over open ocean IEEE TGRS, 99, 1-7
doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2011.2162073

Lyapustin A., Y. Wang, I. Laszlo, R. Kahn, S. Korkin, L. Remer, R. Levy, and J. Reid (2011). Multi-Angle implementation of atmospheric correction (MAIAC): Part 2. Aerosol algorithm J. Geophys. Res., 116(D03211).

Mielonen T., R.C. Levy, V. Aaltonen, M. Komppula, G. de Leeuw, G. Huttunen, H. Lihavainen, P. Kolmonen, K.E.J. Lehtinen, and A. Arola (2011). Evaluating the assumptions of surface reflectance and aerosol type selection within the MODIS aerosol retrieval over land: the problem of dust type selection Atmos. Meas. Tech, 4, 201-214

Witte, J., A. R. Douglass, A. da Silva, O. Torres, R. Levy, and B. N. Duncan (2011). Satellite-based evidence of wavelength-dependent aerosol absorption in biomass burning smoke inferred from Ozone Monitoring Instrument Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 10541-10551

Witte, J.C., A.R. Douglass, A. daSilva, O. Torres, R.C. Levy, and B.N. Duncan (2011). NASA A-Train and Terra observations of the 2010 Russian wildfires Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 9287-9301

van Donkelaar, A., R.V. Martin, R.C. Levy, A.M. DaSilva, M. Krzyzanowski, N.E. Chubarova, E. Semutnikova, and A.J. Cohen (2011). Satellite-based estimates of ground-level fine particulate matter during extreme events: A case study of the Moscow fires in 2010 Atmospheric Environment, 45, 6226-6232

Jethva H., S.K. Satheesh, J. Srinivasan, and R.C. Levy (2010). Improved Retrieval of Aerosol Size-resolved Properties from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer over India: Role of Aerosol Model and Surface Reflectance J. Geophys. Res., 115(D18213).

Kokhanovsky A. A., J. L. Deuze, D. J. Diner, O. Dubovik, F. Ducos, C. Emde, M. J. Garay, R. G. Grainger, A. Heckel, M. Herman, I. L. Katsev, J. Keller, R. Levy, P. R. J. North, A. S. Prikhach, V. V. Rozanov, A.M. Sayer, Y. Ota, D. Tanre, and et al. (2010). The inter-comparison of major satellite aerosol retrieval algorithms using simulated intensity and polarization characteristics of reflected light Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 909-932

Levy R.C., L.A. Remer, R.G. Kleidman, S. Mattoo, C. Ichoku, R. Kahn, and T. F. Eck (2010). Global evaluation of the Collection 5 MODIS dark-target aerosol products over land Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 10399-10420

vanDonkelaar A., R. V. Martin, M. Brauer, R. Kahn, R. Levy, C. Verduzco, and P. J. Villeneuve (2010). Global Estimates of Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Concentrations from Satellite-based Aerosol Optical Depth: Development and Applications Environ Health Perspectives (6), 118.

Kahn R.A., D. L. Nelson, M. Garay, R.C. Levy, M. A. Bull, D. J. Diner, J. V. Martonchik, S. R. Paradise, E. G. Hansen, and L. Remer (2009). MISR Aerosol product attributes, and statistical comparisons with MODIS IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens., 47(12), 4095-4114

Karnieli A., Y. Derimian, R. Indoitu, N. Panov, R.C. Levy, L.A. Remer, W. Maenhaut, and B. N. Holben (2009). Temporal trend in anthropogenic sulfur aerosol transport from central and eastern Europe to Israel J. Geophys., Res., 114(D00D19).

Levy R., G. Leptoukh, R. Kahn, V. Zubko, A. Gopalan, and L. Remer (2009). A critical look at deriving monthly aerosol optical depth from satellite data IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., No. 9, 47(8), 2942-2956

Redemann J., Q. Zhang, J. Livingston, P. Russell, Y. Shinozuka, A. Clark, R. Johnson, and R. Levy (2009). Testing Aerosol properties in MODIS (MOD04/MYD04) Collection 4 and 5 using airborne sunphotometer observations in INTEX-B/MILAGRO Atmos. Chem., Phy., 9(3), 11753-11781

Kotchenova S. Y., E. F. Vermote, R. Levy, and A. Lyapustin (2008). Radiative transfer codes for atmospheric correction and aerosol retrieval: intercomparison study App. Opt., 47(13), 2215-2226

Remer L.A., R.G. Kleidman, R.C. Levy, Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, S. Mattoo, J. V. Martins, C. Ichoku, I. Koren, H. Yu, and B. N. Holben (2008). Global aerosol climatology from the MODIS satellite sensors J. Geophys. Res., 113(D14S07).

Kahn R.A., M. J. Garay, D. L. Nelson, K. K. Yau, M. A. Bull, B. J. Gaitley, J. V. Martonchik, and R.C. Levy (2007). Satellite-derived aerosol optical depth over dark water from MISR and MODIS: Comparisons with AERONET and implications for climatological studies J. Geophys. Res., D18205, 112.

Levy R.C., L. Remer, S. Mattoo, E. Vermote, and Y.J. Kaufman (2007). Second-generation algorithm for retrieving aerosol properties over land from MODIS spectral reflectance J. Geophys. Res., 112, D13211.

Levy R.C., and R. T. Pinker (2007). Remote sensing of spectral aerosol properties: A classroom experience Bull. Amer. Met. Soc (88)1, 25-30

Levy R.C., L.A. Remer, and O. Dubovik (2007). Global aerosol optical properties and application to MODIS aerosol retrieval over land J. Geophys. Res., 112, D13210.

Mi W., Z. Li, X. Xia, B. Holben, R. Levy, F. Zhao, H. Chen, and M. Cribb (2007). Evaluation of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer aerosol products at two Aerosol Robotic Network stations in China J. Geophys. Res., D22S08, 112.

Kaufman Y.J., L.A. Remer, D. Tanre, R. R. Li, R. Kleidman, S. Mattoo, R. Levy, T. Eck, B. N. Holben, C. Ichoku, J. Martins, and I. Koren (2005). A critical examination of the residual cloud contamination and diurnal sampling effects on MODIS estimates of aerosol over ocean IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., (12), 43, 2886-2897

Levy R.C., L.A. Remer, J. V. Martins, Y.J. Kaufman, A. Plana-Fattori, J. Redemann, P. B. Russell, and B. Wenny (2005). Evaluation of the MODIS aerosol retrievals over ocean and land during CLAMS J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 974-992

Redemann J., B. Schmid, J. A. Eilers, R. Kahn, R.C. Levy, P. B. Russell, J. M. Livingston, P. V. Hobbs, W. L. Smith, and B. N. Holben (2005). Suborbital measurements of spectral aerosol optical depth and its variability at subsatellite grid scales in support of CLAMS 2001 J. Atmos. Sci., No. 4, 62, 993-1007

Remer L.A., Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, S. Mattoo, D. A. Chu, J. V. Martins, R. R. Li, C. Ichoku, R.C. Levy, R.G. Kleidman, T. F. Eck, E. Vermote, and B. N. Holben (2005). The MODIS aerosol algorithm, products and validation J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 947-973

Vant-Hull B., Z. Li, B. F. Taubman, R. Levy, L. Marufu, F. -L. Chang, B. G. Doddridge, and R. R. Dickerson (2005). Smoke over haze: Comparative analysis of satellite, surface radiometer, and airborne in situ measurements of aerosol optical properties and radiative forcing over the eastern United States J. Geophys. Res., D10S21, 110.

Chin M., D. A. Chu, R. Levy, L. Remer, Y. Kaufman, B. Holben, T. Eck, P. Ginoux, and Q. Gao (2004). Aerosol distribution in the Northern Hemisphere during ACE-Asia: Results from global model, satellite observations, and Sun photometer measurements J. Geophys. Res. (D23), 109.

Ichoku C., Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, and R. Levy (2004). Global aerosol remote sensing from MODIS Advances in Space Research (2004), 34, 820-827

Levy R.C., L.A. Remer, and Y.J. Kaufman (2004). Effects of neglecting polarization on the MODIS aerosol retrieval over land IEEE Trans. on Geoscience & Rem. Sens., (11), 42, 2576-2583

Colarco, P. R., O. B. Toon, J. S. Reid, J. M. Livingston, J. B. Russell, J. Redemann, B. Schmid, H. B. Maring, D. Savoie, E. J. Welton, J. R. Campbell, B. N. Holben, and R. Levy (2003). Saharan dust transport to the Caribbean during PRIDE: 2. Transport, vertical profiles, and deposition in simulations of in situ and remote sensing observations. J. Geophys. Res., 108 (D19), 8590

Ichoku C., L.A. Remer, Y.J. Kaufman, R. Levy, D. A. Chu, D. Tanre, and B. N. Holben (2003). MODIS observation of aerosols and estimation of aerosol radiative forcing over southern Africa during SAFARI 2000 J. Geophys. Res. (D13), 8499, 108.

Levy R.C., L.A. Remer, D. Tanre, Y.J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, B. N. Holben, J. M. Livingston, P. B. Russell, and H. Maring (2003). Evaluation of the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) retrievals of dust aerosol over the ocean during PRIDE J. Geophys. Res. (D19), 8594, 108.

Livingston J. M., P. B. Russell, J. S. Reid, J. Redemann, B. Schmid, D. A. Allen, O. Torres, R.C. Levy, L.A. Remer, B. N. Holben, A. Smirnov, O. Dubovik, E.J. Welton, J. R. Campbell, J. Wang, and S. A. Christopher (2003). Airborne Sun photometer measurements of aerosol optical depth and columnar water vapor during the Puerto Rico Dust Experiment and comparison with land, aircraft, and satellite measurements J. Geophys. Res.-Atmos. 108 (D19).

Ichoku C., R. Levy, Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, R. -R. Li, V.J. Martins, B. N. Holben, N. Abuhassan, I. Slutsker, T. F. Eck, and C. Pietras (2002). Analysis of the performance characteristics of the five-channel Microtops II sun photometer for measuring aerosol optical thickness and precipitable water vapor J. Geophys. Res., NO. D13, 107.

Martins J. V., D. Tanre, L.A. Remer, Y.J. Kaufman, S. Mattoo, and R. Levy (2002). MODIS cloud screening for remote sensing of aerosol over oceans using spatial variability Geophys. Res. Lett., 29.

Remer L.A., D. Tanre, Y.J. Kaufman, C. Ichoku, S. Mattoo, R. Levy, D. A. Chu, B. N. Holben, O. Dubovik, A. Smirnov, J. V. Martins, R. -R. Li, and Z. Ahmad (2002). Validation of MODIS aerosol retrieval over ocean Geophys Res. Lett., 29.