Profile for Michael King
Office Phone: 303-492-8099
- 1977 Ph.D., Atmos. Sciences, Univ. of Arizona
- 1973 M.S., Atmos. Sciences, Univ. of Arizona
- 1971 B.A., Physics, Colorado College
- Remote sensing of cloud optical properties
- Spectral surface bidirectional reflectance
- Aerosol optical properties
- Characterization of global land surface reflectance
Professional Activities and Experience
- Head of the MODIS Science Team (2009-present)
- Senior Research Scientist, Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics, University of Colorado (2008-)
- EOS Senior Project Scientist (1992-2008)
- Head of the MODIS-Atmosphere Discipline Group (1989-2009)
- Principal Investigator and developer of the Cloud Absorption Radiometer
- Principal Investigator of the MODIS Airborne Simulator
- ERBE Project Scientist (1983-1992)
Honors and Awards
- Elected Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (2014)
- Presidential Rank Award of Meritorious Senior Professional (2006)
- Space Systems Award, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (2006)
- Elected Fellow, American Geophysical Union (2006)
- Elected Member, US National Academy of Engineering (2003)
- William Nordberg Memorial Award for Earth Sciences, Goddard Space Flight Center (2001)
- NASA Outstanding Leadership Medal (2001)
- Verner E. Suomi Award, American Meteorological Society (2000)
- Elected Goddard Senior Fellow (1997)
- Doctor of Science Honoris Causa, Colorado College (1995)
- NASA Exceptional Scientific Achievement Medal (1992)
- Elected Fellow, American Meteorological Society (1990)
- NASA Exceptional Service Medal (1985)
Dr. Michael King is Senior Scientist Emeritus in the Earth Sciences Division at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. He previously served as Senior Project Scientist of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) from 1992 to 2008. He began his career at Goddard Space Flight Center in January 1978 as a physical scientist, and served as Project Scientist of the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) from 1983-1992. After retiring from NASA in April 2008, he joined the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado, where he currently holds a faculty appointment as a Senior Research Scientist.
His research experience includes conceiving, developing, and operating multispectral scanning radiometers from a number of aircraft platforms in field experiments ranging from arctic stratus clouds to smoke from the Kuwait oil fires and biomass burning in Brazil and southern Africa. He has lectured on global change on all seven continents. Earlier, he developed the Cloud Absorption Radiometer for studying the absorption properties of optically thick clouds as well as the bidirectional reflectance properties of many natural surfaces, and is principal investigator of the MODIS Airborne Simulator, an imaging spectrometer that flies onboard the NASA ER-2 aircraft. This instrument has aided immeasurably in the development of atmospheric and land remote sensing algorithms for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument.
Dr. King is Team Leader of the MODIS science team on Terra and Aqua. As a team member, he also led the development of 5 science algorithms run routinely to process MODIS data, including the algorithm for determining cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius of both liquid water and ice clouds, and gridded atmosphere properties at 1° x 1° latitude/longitude resolution.
He has authored about 90 papers published in refereed scientific journals, in addition to editing 1 Book (Our Changing Planet: The View from Space), 5 Scientific Documents (EOS Science Plan; EOS Science Plan Executive Summary; 2 EOS Reference Handbooks; EOS Data Products Handbook, Volume 1) and 24 book chapters and technical reports. Web of Science publications and citation metrics can be found here; see also Google Scholar.
Updates to our publications records have been put on hold until a new storage and delivery system has been put in place. As a result, this information is currently out of date and does not include the most recent publications. For a more complete listing of publications, please visit the Sciences and Exporation Directorate.
King, M., and O. Dubovik (2013). Determination of aerosol optical properties from inverse methods. In J. Lenoble, L. Remer, and D. Tanré, Eds. (Ed.), Aerosol Remote Sensing. (101-136). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
King, M., S. Platnick, W. P. Menzel, S. A. Ackerman, and P. Hubanks (2013). Spatial and temporal distribution of clouds observed by MODIS onboard the Terra and Aqua satellites IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens, 51(7), 3826-3852
Minnis, P., G. Hong, J. K. Ayers, W. L. Smith, Jr., C. R. Yost, A. J. Heymsfield, G. M. Heymsfield, D. J. Hlavka, M. D. King, E. Korn, M. J. McGill, H. B. Selkirk, A. M. Thompson, L. Tian, and P. Yang (2012). Simulations of Infrared Radiances over a Deep Convective Cloud System Observed during TC4: Potential for Enhancing Nocturnal Ice Cloud Retrievals Remote Sensing, 4(10), 3022-3054
Kindel, B.C., P. Pilewskie, K.S. Schmidt, O. Coddington, and M.D. King (2011). Solar spectral absorption by marine stratus clouds: Measurements and modeling J. Geophys. Res, 116, D10203.
M. O. Román, C.K. Gatebe, C. B. Schaaf, R. Poudyal, Z. Wang, and M.D. King (2011). Variability in surface BRDF at different spatial scales (30 m–500 m) over a mixed agricultural landscape as retrieved from airborne and satellite spectral measurements Remote Sensing of Environment, 115, 2184-2203
King M.D., S. Platnick, G. Wind, G. T. Arnold, and R. T. Dominguez (2010). Remote sensing of the radiative and microphysical properties of clouds during TC4: Results from MAS, MASTER, MODIS, and MISR J. Geophys. Res., D00J07, 115.
King Michael D., and S. B. Johnson (2010). Earth ScienceIn Space Exploration and Humanity: A Historical Encyclopedia (132-143).
Lyapustin, A., C.K. Gatebe, R. Kahn, R. Brandt, J. Redemann, P. Russell, M.D. King, C. A. Pedersen, S. Gerland, R. Poudyal, A. Marshak, Y. Wang, C. Schaaf, D. Hall, and A. Kokhanovsky (2010). Analysis of snow bidirectional reflectance from ARCTAS Spring-2008 campaign Atmos. Chem. Phys, 10, 4359-4375
Schmidt K. S., P. Pilewskie, B. Mayer, M. Wendisch, B. Kindel, S. Platnick, M.D. King, G. Wind, G. T. Arnold, L. Tian, G. Heymsfield, and H. Kalesse (2010). Apparent absorption of solar spectral irradiance in heterogeneous ice clouds J. Geophys. Res., D00J22, 115.
Wind G., S. Platnick, M.D. King, P.A. Hubanks, M. J. Pavolonis, A. K. Heidinger, P. Yang, and B. A. Baum (2010). Multilayer cloud detection with the MODIS near-infrared water vapor absorption band J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 49(11), 2315-2333
Georgiev G. T., C.K. Gatebe, J. J. Butler, and M.D. King (2009). BRDF analysis of savanna vegetation and salt-pan samples IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 47(8), 2546-2556
Platnick S., G. Wind, M.D. King, R. E. Holz, S. A. Ackerman, and F. W. Nagle (2009). Comparison of the MODIS Collection 5 Multilayer Cloud Detection Product with CALIPSO Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation (Proceedings of the IRS/IAMAS), 1100, 416-419
King M.D. (2008). The Earth’s changing environment as seen from the vantage point of space The Planetary Report, 28, 6-11
Moody E.G., M.D. King, C. B. Schaaf, and S. Platnick (2008). MODIS-derived spatially complete surface albedo products: Spatial and temporal pixel distribution and zonal averages J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 47, 2879-2894
Gatebe C.K., J. J. Butler, J. W. Cooper, M. Kowalewski, and M.D. King (2007). Characterization of errors in the use of integrating-sphere systems in the calibration of scanning radiometers Appl. Opt., 46, 7640-7651
Hong G., P. Yang, B. C. Gao, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, M.D. King, and S. Platnick (2007). High cloud properties from three years of MODIS Terra and Aqua collection-4 data over the tropics J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 46, 1840-1856
Hsu N.C., S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, and D. J. Diner (2007). Dust in the Wind. (56-60). Our Changing Planet: The View from Space; M. D. King, C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
King M.D., C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams (2007). Our Changing Planet: The View from Space. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 978-0-521-82870-3.
King M.D. (2007). Cloud optical and microphysical properties. (15-20). In Our Changing Planet: The View from Space, M. D. King, C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Moody E.G., M.D. King, C. B. Schaaf, D. K. Hall, and S. Platnick (2007). Northern Hemisphere five-year average (2000-2004) spectral albedos of surfaces in the presence of snow: Statistics computed from Terra MODIS land products Remote Sens. Environ., 111, 337-345
Yang P., L. Zhang, G. Hong, S. L. Nasiri, B. A. Baum, H. L. Huang, M.D. King, and S. Platnick (2007). Differences between collection 4 and 5 MODIS ice cloud optical/microphysical products and their impact on radiative forcing simulations IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens, 45, 2886-2899
Abdou W. A., S. H. Pilorz, M. C. Helmlinger, J. E. Conel, D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Martonchik, C.K. Gatebe, M.D. King, and (2006). Sua pan surface bidirectional reflectance: A case study to evaluate the effect of atmospheric correction on the surface products of the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) during SAFARI 2000 IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 44, 1699-1706
Chylek P., S. Robinson, M. K. Dubey, M.D. King, Q. Fu, and W. B. Clodius (2006). Comparison of near-infrared and thermal infrared cloud phase detections J. Geophys. Res., D20203, 111.
Baum B. A., P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M.D. King, Y. X. Hu, and S. T. Bedka (2005). Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. 2: Narrowband models J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 1896-1911
Mace G. G., Y. Zhang, S. Platnick, M.D. King, P. Minnis, and P. Yang (2005). Evaluation of cirrus cloud properties derived from MODIS data using cloud properties derived from ground-based observations collected at the ARM SGP site J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 221-240
Moody E.G., M.D. King, S. Platnick, C. B. Schaaf, and F. Gao (2005). Spatially complete global spectral surface albedos: Value-Added datasets derived from Terra MODIS land products IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 43, 144-158
King M.D., S. Platnick, P. Yang, G. T. Arnold, M. A. Gray, J. Riedi, S. A. Ackerman, and K. N. Liou (2004). Remote sensing of liquid water and ice cloud optical thickness and effective radius in the Arctic: Application of airborne multispectral MAS data J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 21, 857-875
Gatebe C.K., M.D. King, S. Platnick, G. T. Arnold, E. F. Vermote, and B. Schmid (2003). Airborne spectral measurements of surface-atmosphere anisotropy for several surfaces and ecosystems over southern Africa J. Geophys. Res., 8489, 108.
King M.D., W. P. Menzel, Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, B. -C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L.A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P.A. Hubanks (2003). Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and humidity from MODIS IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 41, 442-458
King M.D., S. Platnick, C. C. Moeller, H. E. Revercomb, and D. A. Chu (2003). Remote sensing of smoke, land and clouds from the NASA ER-2 during SAFARI 2000 J. Geophys. Res. (D13), 8502, 108.
Platnick S., M.D. King, S. A. Ackerman, W. P. Menzel, B. A. Baum, J. C. Riedi, and R. A. Frey (2003). The MODIS cloud products: Algorithms and examples from Terra IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (2), 41, 459-473
Swap R. J., H. J. Annegarn, J. T. Suttles, M.D. King, S. Platnick, J. L. Privette, and R. J. Scholes (2003). Africa burning: A thematic analysis of the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) J. Geophys. Res. (D13), 8465, 108.
Arnold G. T., S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, J. Y. Li, and P. F. Soulen (2002). Airborne spectral measurements of surface-atmosphere anisotropy for Arctic sea ice and tundra International Journal of Remote Sensing, 23, 3763-3781
Dubovik O., B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y.J. Kaufman, M.D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker (2002). Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 590-608
King M.D., and D.D. Herring (2002). Research satellites (atmospheric sciences). (2038-2047). Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, J. R. Holton, J. A. Pyle, and J. A. Curry, Eds., Academic Press.
Swap R. J., H. J. Annegarn, J. T. Suttles, J. Haywood, M. C. Helmlinger, C. Hely, P. V. Hobbs, B. N. Holben, J. Ji, M.D. King, T. Landmann, W. Maenhaut, L. Otter, B. Pak, S. J. Piketh, S. Platnick, J. Privette, D. Roy, A. M. Thompson, D. Ward, and R. Yokelson (2002). The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000): Overview of the dry season field campaign South African Journal of Science, 98, 125-130
Gatebe C.K., M.D. King, S.C. Tsay, Q. Ji, G. T. Arnold, and J. Y. Li (2001). Sensitivity of off-nadir zenith angles to correlation between visible and near-infrared reflectance for use in remote sensing of aerosol over land IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 39, 805-819
Marchand R. T., T. P. Ackerman, M.D. King, C. Moroney, R. Davies, J. P. Muller, and H. Gerber (2001). Multiangle observations of Arctic stratus clouds from FIRE ACE: June 3, 1998 case study J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), July 27, 106, 15201-15214
Platnick S., J. Y. Li, M.D. King, H. Gerber, and P. V. Hobbs (2001). A solar reflectance method for retrieving the optical thickness and droplet size of liquid water clouds over snow and ice surfaces J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15185-15199
Baum B. A., P. F. Soulen, K. I. Strabala, M.D. King, S. A. Ackerman, W. P. Menzel, and P. Yang (2000). Remote sensing of cloud properties using MODIS Airborne Simulator imagery during SUCCESS. II: Cloud thermodynamic phase J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, -11
Curry J. A., P. V. Hobbs, M.D. King, D. A. Randall, P. Minnis, and et al. (2000). FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81, 5-30
Dubovik O., and M.D. King (2000). A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, 20673-20696
Dubovik O., A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M.D. King, Y.J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker (2000). Accuracy assessment of aerosol optical properties retrieval from AERONET sun and sky radiance measurements J. Geophys. Res., 105, 9791-9806
Durkee P. A., R. E. Chartier, A. Brown, E. J. Trehubenko, S. D. Rogerson, C. Skipniewicz, K. E. Nielsen, S. Platnick, and M.D. King (2000). Composite ship track characteristics J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2542-2553
Herring D.D., and M.D. King (2000). Space-based observations of the Earth. (2959-2962). Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P. Murdin, Ed., Institute of Physics Publishing.
King M.D., and D.D. Herring (2000). Monitoring Earth's vital signs Scientific American, 282, 72-77
Platnick S., P. A. Durkee, K. Nielson, J. P. Taylor, S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, R. J. Ferek, P. V. Hobbs, and J. W. Rottman (2000). The role of background cloud microphysics in the radiative formation of ship tracks J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2607-2624
Rolland P., K. N. Liou, M.D. King, S.C. Tsay, and G. M. McFarquhar (2000). Remote sensing of optical and microphysical properties of cirrus clouds using MODIS channels: Methodology and sensitivity to assumptions J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, 11721-11738
Soulen P. F., M.D. King, S.C. Tsay, G. T. Arnold, and J. Y. Li (2000). Airborne spectral measurements of surface-atmosphere anisotropy during the SCAR-A, Kuwait oil fire, and TARFOX experiments J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, 10203-10218
King M.D., Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, and T. Nakajima (1999). Remote sensing of tropospheric aerosols from space: Past, present and future Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 2229-2259
Ou S. C., K. N. Liou, M.D. King, and S.C. Tsay (1999). Remote sensing of cirrus cloud parameters based on a 0.63-3.7 µm radiance correlation technique applied to AVHRR data J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 26, 2437-2440
Wan Z., Y. Zhang, X. Ma, M.D. King, J. S. Myers, and X. Li (1999). Vicarious calibration of Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Airborne Simulator thermal-infrared channels Appl. Opt., 38, 6294-6306
Kaufman Y.J., P. V. Hobbs, V. W. J. H. Kirchhoff, P. Artaxo, L.A. Remer, B. N. Holben, M.D. King, D. E. Ward, E. M. Prins, K. M. Longo, L. F. Mattos, C. A. Nobre, J. D. Spinhirne, Q. Ji, A. M. Thompson, J.F. Gleason, and S. A. Christopher (1998). Smoke, clouds, and radiation—Brazil (SCAR-B) experiment J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 103, 31783-31808
King M.D., S.C. Tsay, S. A. Ackerman, and N. F. Larsen (1998). Discriminating heavy aerosol, clouds, and fires during SCAR-B: Application of airborne multispectral MAS data J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 103, 31989-31999
Wielicki B. A., B. R. Barkstrom, B. A. Baum, T. P. Charlock, R. N. Green, D. P. Kratz, R. B. Lee, P. Minnis, G. L. Smith, T. Wong, D. P. Young, R. D. Cess, J. A. Coakley, D. A. H. Crommelynck, L. Donner, R. Kandel, and M.D. King (1998). Clouds and the Earth's radiant energy system (CERES): Algorithm overview IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 36, 1127-1141
Kaufman Y.J., D. Tanre, H. R. Gordon, T. Nakajima, J. Lenoble, R. Frouin, H. Grassl, B. M. Herman, M.D. King, and P. M. Teillet (1997). Passive remote sensing of tropospheric aerosol and atmospheric correction for the aerosol effect J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 102, 16815-16830
Wang M., and M.D. King (1997). Correction of Rayleigh scattering effects in cloud optical thickness retrievals J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 102, 25915-25926
King M.D., W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S.C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, and F. G. Osterwisch (1996). Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 13, 777-794
Tsay S.C., P. M. Gabriel, M.D. King, and G. L. Stephens (1996). Spectral reflectance and atmospheric energetics in cirrus-like clouds. Part II: Applications of a Fourier-riccati approach to radiative transfer J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 3450-3467
Gumley L. E., and M.D. King (1995). Remote sensing of flooding in the U.S. Upper Midwest during the summer of 1993 Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 933-943
King M.D., D.D. Herring, and D. J. Diner (1995). The Earth Observing System (EOS): A space-based program for assessing mankind's impact on the global environment Optics and Photonic News, 6, 34-39
King M.D., S.C. Tsay, and S. Platnick (1995). In situ observations of the indirect effects of aerosol on clouds. (227-248). Aerosol Forcing of Climate, R. J. Charlson and J. E. Heintzenberg, Eds., John Wiley and Sons.
Schwartz S. E., F. Arnold, J. P. Blanchet, P. A. Durkee, D. J. Hofmann, W. A. Hoppel, M.D. King, A. A. Lacis, T. Nakajima, J. A. Ogren, and O. B. Toon (1995). Group report: Connections between aerosol properties and forcing of climate. (251-280). Aerosol Forcing of Climate, R. J. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, Eds., John Wiley and Sons.
Wielicki B. A., R. D. Cess, M.D. King, D. A. Randall, and E. F. Harrison (1995). Mission to Planet Earth: Role of clouds and radiation in climate Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 2125-2153
Price R. D., M.D. King, J. T. Dalton, K. S. Pedelty, P. E. Ardanuy, and M. K. Hobish (1994). Earth science data for all: EOS and the EOS Data and Information System Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 60, 277-285
Harshvardhan, and M.D. King (1993). Comparative accuracy of diffuse radiative properties computed using selected multiple scattering approximations J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 247-259
King M.D. (1993). Radiative properties of clouds. (123-149). Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interactions, P. V. Hobbs, Ed., Academic Press.
King M.D., L. F. Radke, and P. V. Hobbs (1993). Optical properties of marine stratocumulus clouds modified by ships J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 98, 2729-2739
King M.D. (1992). Directional and spectral reflectance of the Kuwait oil-fire smoke J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 97, 14545-14549
King M.D., Y.J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, and D. Tanre (1992). Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 30, 2-27
Nakajima T., and M.D. King (1992). Asymptotic theory for optically thick layers: Application to the Discrete Ordinates Method Applied Optics, 31, 7669-7683
Nakajima T., M.D. King, J. D. Spinhirne, and L. F. Radke (1991). Determination of the optical thickness and effective particle radius of clouds from reflected solar radiation measurements. Part II: Marine stratocumulus observations J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 728-750
King M.D., L. F. Radke, and P. V. Hobbs (1990). Determination of the spectral absorption of solar radiation by marine stratocumulus clouds from airborne measurements within clouds J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 894-907
Nakajima T., and M.D. King (1990). Determination of the optical thickness and effective particle radius of clouds from reflected solar radiation measurements. Part I: Theory J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 1878-1893
Radke L. F., J. A. Coakley, and M.D. King (1989). Direct and remote sensing observations of the effects of ships on clouds Science, 246, 1146-1149
King, M.D. (1987). Determination of the scaled optical thickness of clouds from reflected solar radiation measurements J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 1734-1751
King M.D., and Harshvardhan (1986). Comparative accuracy of selected multiple scattering approximations J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 784-801
King M.D., M. G. Strange, P. Leone, and L. R. Blaine (1986). Multiwavelength scanning radiometer for airborne measurements of scattered radiation within clouds J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 3, 513-522
Spinhirne J. D., and M.D. King (1985). Latitudinal variation of spectral optical thickness and columnar size distribution of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 90, 10607-10619
Harshvardhan, A. Arking, M.D. King, and M. D. Chou (1984). Impact of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer on northern hemisphere temperatures. (261-273). Aerosols and Their Climatic Effects, H. E. Gerber and A. Deepak, Eds., A. Deepak Publishing.
King M.D., Harshvardhan, and A. Arking (1984). A model of the radiative properties of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 23, 1121-1137
King M.D. (1983). Number of terms required in the Fourier expansion of the reflection function for optically thick atmospheres J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 30, 143-161
King M.D. (1982). Sensitivity of constrained linear inversions to the selection of the Lagrange multiplier J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1356-1369
King M.D. (1981). A method for determining the single scattering albedo of clouds through observation of the internal scattered radiation field J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 2031-2044
King M.D., and R. J. Curran (1980). The effect of a nonuniform planetary albedo on the interpretation of Earth radiation budget observations J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1262-1278
King M.D., D. M. Byrne, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman (1980). Spectral variation of optical depth at tucson, arizona between august 1975 and december 1977 Journal of Applied Meteorology, 19, 723-732
Reagan J. A., D. M. Byrne, M.D. King, J. D. Spinhirne, and B. M. Herman (1980). Determination of the complex refractive index and size distribution of atmospheric particulates from bistatic-monostatic Lidar and solar radiometer measurements J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 85, 1591-1599
King M.D. (1979). Determination of the ground albedo and the index of absorption of atmospheric particulates by remote sensing. Part II: Application J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 1072-1083
King M.D., and B. M. Herman (1979). Determination of the ground albedo and the index of absorption of atmospheric particulates by remote sensing. Part I: Theory J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 163-173
King M.D., D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, and J. A. Reagan (1978). Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 2153-2167
King M.D., and D. M. Byrne (1976). A method for inferring total ozone content from the spectral variation of total optical depth obtained with a solar radiometer J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 2242-2251