Profile for Michael King


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Affiliation: LASP/University of Colorado
Contact: E-mail
Office Phone: 303-492-8099
Fax: 303-735-3737

Education

Research Interests

Professional Activities and Experience

Honors and Awards

 

Background

Dr. Michael King is Senior Scientist Emeritus in the Earth Sciences Division at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. He previously served as Senior Project Scientist of NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) from 1992 to 2008. He began his career at Goddard Space Flight Center in January 1978 as a physical scientist, and served as Project Scientist of the Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE) from 1983-1992. After retiring from NASA in April 2008, he joined the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics at the University of Colorado, where he currently holds a faculty appointment as a Senior Research Scientist.

His research experience includes conceiving, developing, and operating multispectral scanning radiometers from a number of aircraft platforms in field experiments ranging from arctic stratus clouds to smoke from the Kuwait oil fires and biomass burning in Brazil and southern Africa. He has lectured on global change on all seven continents. Earlier, he developed the Cloud Absorption Radiometer for studying the absorption properties of optically thick clouds as well as the bidirectional reflectance properties of many natural surfaces, and is principal investigator of the MODIS Airborne Simulator, an imaging spectrometer that flies onboard the NASA ER-2 aircraft. This instrument has aided immeasurably in the development of atmospheric and land remote sensing algorithms for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument.

Dr. King is Team Leader of the MODIS science team on Terra and Aqua. As a team member, he also led the development of 5 science algorithms run routinely to process MODIS data, including the algorithm for determining cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius of both liquid water and ice clouds, and gridded atmosphere properties at 1° x 1° latitude/longitude resolution.

He has authored about 90 papers published in refereed scientific journals, in addition to editing 1 Book (Our Changing Planet: The View from Space), 5 Scientific Documents (EOS Science Plan; EOS Science Plan Executive Summary; 2 EOS Reference Handbooks; EOS Data Products Handbook, Volume 1) and 24 book chapters and technical reports.  Web of Science publications and citation metrics can be found here; see also Google Scholar.
 

Publications

Updates to our publications records have been put on hold until a new storage and delivery system has been put in place. As a result, this information is currently out of date and does not include the most recent publications. For a more complete listing of publications, please visit the Sciences and Exporation Directorate.


King, M., and O. Dubovik (2013). Determination of aerosol optical properties from inverse methods. In J. Lenoble, L. Remer, and D. Tanré, Eds. (Ed.), Aerosol Remote Sensing. (101-136). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.

King, M., S. Platnick, W. P. Menzel, S. A. Ackerman, and P. Hubanks (2013). Spatial and temporal distribution of clouds observed by MODIS onboard the Terra and Aqua satellites IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens, 51(7), 3826-3852
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2012.2227333

Gatebe, C.K., T. Varnai, R. Poudyal, C. Ichoku, and M.D. King (2012). Taking the Pulse of PyroCumulus Clouds. Atmos. Environ., 52, 121-130
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.01.045

Minnis, P., G. Hong, J. K. Ayers, W. L. Smith, Jr., C. R. Yost, A. J. Heymsfield, G. M. Heymsfield, D. J. Hlavka, M. D. King, E. Korn, M. J. McGill, H. B. Selkirk, A. M. Thompson, L. Tian, and P. Yang (2012). Simulations of Infrared Radiances over a Deep Convective Cloud System Observed during TC4: Potential for Enhancing Nocturnal Ice Cloud Retrievals Remote Sensing, 4(10), 3022-3054
doi:10.3390/rs4103022

Kindel, B.C., P. Pilewskie, K.S. Schmidt, O. Coddington, and M.D. King (2011). Solar spectral absorption by marine stratus clouds: Measurements and modeling J. Geophys. Res, 116, D10203.
doi:10.1029/2010JD015071

M. O. Román, C.K. Gatebe, C. B. Schaaf, R. Poudyal, Z. Wang, and M.D. King (2011). Variability in surface BRDF at different spatial scales (30 m–500 m) over a mixed agricultural landscape as retrieved from airborne and satellite spectral measurements Remote Sensing of Environment, 115, 2184-2203
10.1016/j.rse.2011.04.012

King M.D., S. Platnick, G. Wind, G. T. Arnold, and R. T. Dominguez (2010). Remote sensing of the radiative and microphysical properties of clouds during TC4: Results from MAS, MASTER, MODIS, and MISR J. Geophys. Res., D00J07, 115.
doi:10.1029/JD013277

King Michael D., and S. B. Johnson (2010). Earth ScienceIn Space Exploration and Humanity: A Historical Encyclopedia (132-143).

Lyapustin, A., C.K. Gatebe, R. Kahn, R. Brandt, J. Redemann, P. Russell, M.D. King, C. A. Pedersen, S. Gerland, R. Poudyal, A. Marshak, Y. Wang, C. Schaaf, D. Hall, and A. Kokhanovsky (2010). Analysis of snow bidirectional reflectance from ARCTAS Spring-2008 campaign Atmos. Chem. Phys, 10, 4359-4375
doi:10.5194/acp-10-4359-2010

Schmidt K. S., P. Pilewskie, B. Mayer, M. Wendisch, B. Kindel, S. Platnick, M.D. King, G. Wind, G. T. Arnold, L. Tian, G. Heymsfield, and H. Kalesse (2010). Apparent absorption of solar spectral irradiance in heterogeneous ice clouds J. Geophys. Res., D00J22, 115.
doi:10.1029/2009JD013124

Wind G., S. Platnick, M.D. King, P.A. Hubanks, M. J. Pavolonis, A. K. Heidinger, P. Yang, and B. A. Baum (2010). Multilayer cloud detection with the MODIS near-infrared water vapor absorption band J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 49(11), 2315-2333
doi:10.1175/2010JAMC2364.1

Georgiev G. T., C.K. Gatebe, J. J. Butler, and M.D. King (2009). BRDF analysis of savanna vegetation and salt-pan samples IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 47(8), 2546-2556
doi:10.1109/TGRS.2009.2021331

Platnick S., G. Wind, M.D. King, R. E. Holz, S. A. Ackerman, and F. W. Nagle (2009). Comparison of the MODIS Collection 5 Multilayer Cloud Detection Product with CALIPSO Current Problems in Atmospheric Radiation (Proceedings of the IRS/IAMAS), 1100, 416-419
doi:10.1063/1.3117008

King M.D. (2008). The Earth’s changing environment as seen from the vantage point of space The Planetary Report, 28, 6-11

Moody E.G., M.D. King, C. B. Schaaf, and S. Platnick (2008). MODIS-derived spatially complete surface albedo products: Spatial and temporal pixel distribution and zonal averages J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 47, 2879-2894
doi:10.1175/2008JAMC1795.1

Gatebe C.K., J. J. Butler, J. W. Cooper, M. Kowalewski, and M.D. King (2007). Characterization of errors in the use of integrating-sphere systems in the calibration of scanning radiometers Appl. Opt., 46, 7640-7651

Hong G., P. Yang, B. C. Gao, B. A. Baum, Y. X. Hu, M.D. King, and S. Platnick (2007). High cloud properties from three years of MODIS Terra and Aqua collection-4 data over the tropics J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 46, 1840-1856

Hsu N.C., S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, and D. J. Diner (2007). Dust in the Wind. (56-60). Our Changing Planet: The View from Space; M. D. King, C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

King M.D., C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams (2007). Our Changing Planet: The View from Space. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, ISBN 978-0-521-82870-3.

King M.D. (2007). Cloud optical and microphysical properties. (15-20). In Our Changing Planet: The View from Space, M. D. King, C. L. Parkinson, K. C. Partington, and R. G. Williams, Eds., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Moody E.G., M.D. King, C. B. Schaaf, D. K. Hall, and S. Platnick (2007). Northern Hemisphere five-year average (2000-2004) spectral albedos of surfaces in the presence of snow: Statistics computed from Terra MODIS land products Remote Sens. Environ., 111, 337-345

Yang P., L. Zhang, G. Hong, S. L. Nasiri, B. A. Baum, H. L. Huang, M.D. King, and S. Platnick (2007). Differences between collection 4 and 5 MODIS ice cloud optical/microphysical products and their impact on radiative forcing simulations IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens, 45, 2886-2899

Abdou W. A., S. H. Pilorz, M. C. Helmlinger, J. E. Conel, D. J. Diner, C. J. Bruegge, J. V. Martonchik, C.K. Gatebe, M.D. King, and (2006). Sua pan surface bidirectional reflectance: A case study to evaluate the effect of atmospheric correction on the surface products of the Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) during SAFARI 2000 IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 44, 1699-1706

Chylek P., S. Robinson, M. K. Dubey, M.D. King, Q. Fu, and W. B. Clodius (2006). Comparison of near-infrared and thermal infrared cloud phase detections J. Geophys. Res., D20203, 111.
10.1029/2006JD007140

Hsu N.C., S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, and J.R. Herman (2006). Deep blue retrievals of Asian aerosol properties during ACE-Asia IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 44, 3180-3195
10.1029/2005JD006549.

Baum B. A., P. Yang, A. J. Heymsfield, S. Platnick, M.D. King, Y. X. Hu, and S. T. Bedka (2005). Bulk scattering properties for the remote sensing of ice clouds. 2: Narrowband models J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 1896-1911

Gatebe C.K., M.D. King, A. I. Lyapustin, G. T. Arnold, and J. Redemann (2005). Airborne spectral measurements of ocean directional reflectance J. Atmos. Sci., 62, 1072-1092

Jin M., J. M. Shepherd, and M.D. King (2005). Urban aerosols and their interaction with clouds and rainfall: A case study for New York and Houston J. Geophys. Res., 110.
10.1029/2004 D10S20JD005081

Mace G. G., Y. Zhang, S. Platnick, M.D. King, P. Minnis, and P. Yang (2005). Evaluation of cirrus cloud properties derived from MODIS data using cloud properties derived from ground-based observations collected at the ARM SGP site J. Appl. Meteor., 44, 221-240

Moody E.G., M.D. King, S. Platnick, C. B. Schaaf, and F. Gao (2005). Spatially complete global spectral surface albedos: Value-Added datasets derived from Terra MODIS land products IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 43, 144-158

Hsu N.C., S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, and J.R. Herman (2004). Aerosol properties over bright-reflecting source regions IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42, 557-569

King M.D., S. Platnick, P. Yang, G. T. Arnold, M. A. Gray, J. Riedi, S. A. Ackerman, and K. N. Liou (2004). Remote sensing of liquid water and ice cloud optical thickness and effective radius in the Arctic: Application of airborne multispectral MAS data J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 21, 857-875

Gatebe C.K., M.D. King, S. Platnick, G. T. Arnold, E. F. Vermote, and B. Schmid (2003). Airborne spectral measurements of surface-atmosphere anisotropy for several surfaces and ecosystems over southern Africa J. Geophys. Res., 8489, 108.
10.1029/2002JD002397

King M.D., W. P. Menzel, Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, B. -C. Gao, S. Platnick, S. A. Ackerman, L.A. Remer, R. Pincus, and P.A. Hubanks (2003). Cloud and aerosol properties, precipitable water, and profiles of temperature and humidity from MODIS IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 41, 442-458

King M.D., S. Platnick, C. C. Moeller, H. E. Revercomb, and D. A. Chu (2003). Remote sensing of smoke, land and clouds from the NASA ER-2 during SAFARI 2000 J. Geophys. Res. (D13), 8502, 108.
10.1029/2002JD003207

Pinker R. T., H. Wang, M.D. King, and S. Platnick (2003). First use of MODIS data to cross-calibrate with GEWEX/SRB data sets GEWEX News, No.4, November 2003, 13

Platnick S., M.D. King, S. A. Ackerman, W. P. Menzel, B. A. Baum, J. C. Riedi, and R. A. Frey (2003). The MODIS cloud products: Algorithms and examples from Terra IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (2), 41, 459-473

Swap R. J., H. J. Annegarn, J. T. Suttles, M.D. King, S. Platnick, J. L. Privette, and R. J. Scholes (2003). Africa burning: A thematic analysis of the Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000) J. Geophys. Res. (D13), 8465, 108.
10.1029/2003JD003747

Arnold G. T., S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, J. Y. Li, and P. F. Soulen (2002). Airborne spectral measurements of surface-atmosphere anisotropy for Arctic sea ice and tundra International Journal of Remote Sensing, 23, 3763-3781

Dubovik O., B. N. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y.J. Kaufman, M.D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker (2002). Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 590-608

King M.D., and D.D. Herring (2002). Research satellites (atmospheric sciences). (2038-2047). Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, J. R. Holton, J. A. Pyle, and J. A. Curry, Eds., Academic Press.

Swap R. J., H. J. Annegarn, J. T. Suttles, J. Haywood, M. C. Helmlinger, C. Hely, P. V. Hobbs, B. N. Holben, J. Ji, M.D. King, T. Landmann, W. Maenhaut, L. Otter, B. Pak, S. J. Piketh, S. Platnick, J. Privette, D. Roy, A. M. Thompson, D. Ward, and R. Yokelson (2002). The Southern African Regional Science Initiative (SAFARI 2000): Overview of the dry season field campaign South African Journal of Science, 98, 125-130

Gatebe C.K., M.D. King, S.C. Tsay, Q. Ji, G. T. Arnold, and J. Y. Li (2001). Sensitivity of off-nadir zenith angles to correlation between visible and near-infrared reflectance for use in remote sensing of aerosol over land IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 39, 805-819

Marchand R. T., T. P. Ackerman, M.D. King, C. Moroney, R. Davies, J. P. Muller, and H. Gerber (2001). Multiangle observations of Arctic stratus clouds from FIRE ACE: June 3, 1998 case study J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), July 27, 106, 15201-15214

Platnick S., J. Y. Li, M.D. King, H. Gerber, and P. V. Hobbs (2001). A solar reflectance method for retrieving the optical thickness and droplet size of liquid water clouds over snow and ice surfaces J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15185-15199

Baum B. A., P. F. Soulen, K. I. Strabala, M.D. King, S. A. Ackerman, W. P. Menzel, and P. Yang (2000). Remote sensing of cloud properties using MODIS Airborne Simulator imagery during SUCCESS. II: Cloud thermodynamic phase J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, -11

Curry J. A., P. V. Hobbs, M.D. King, D. A. Randall, P. Minnis, and et al. (2000). FIRE Arctic Clouds Experiment Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81, 5-30

Dubovik O., and M.D. King (2000). A flexible inversion algorithm for retrieval of aerosol optical properties from sun and sky radiance measurements J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, 20673-20696

Dubovik O., A. Smirnov, B. N. Holben, M.D. King, Y.J. Kaufman, T. F. Eck, and I. Slutsker (2000). Accuracy assessment of aerosol optical properties retrieval from AERONET sun and sky radiance measurements J. Geophys. Res., 105, 9791-9806

Durkee P. A., R. E. Chartier, A. Brown, E. J. Trehubenko, S. D. Rogerson, C. Skipniewicz, K. E. Nielsen, S. Platnick, and M.D. King (2000). Composite ship track characteristics J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2542-2553

Herring D.D., and M.D. King (2000). Space-based observations of the Earth. (2959-2962). Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics, P. Murdin, Ed., Institute of Physics Publishing.

King M.D., and D.D. Herring (2000). Monitoring Earth's vital signs Scientific American, 282, 72-77

Platnick S., P. A. Durkee, K. Nielson, J. P. Taylor, S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, R. J. Ferek, P. V. Hobbs, and J. W. Rottman (2000). The role of background cloud microphysics in the radiative formation of ship tracks J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 2607-2624

Rolland P., K. N. Liou, M.D. King, S.C. Tsay, and G. M. McFarquhar (2000). Remote sensing of optical and microphysical properties of cirrus clouds using MODIS channels: Methodology and sensitivity to assumptions J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, 11721-11738

Soulen P. F., M.D. King, S.C. Tsay, G. T. Arnold, and J. Y. Li (2000). Airborne spectral measurements of surface-atmosphere anisotropy during the SCAR-A, Kuwait oil fire, and TARFOX experiments J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 105, 10203-10218

King M.D., Y.J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, and T. Nakajima (1999). Remote sensing of tropospheric aerosols from space: Past, present and future Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 80, 2229-2259

Ou S. C., K. N. Liou, M.D. King, and S.C. Tsay (1999). Remote sensing of cirrus cloud parameters based on a 0.63-3.7 µm radiance correlation technique applied to AVHRR data J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 26, 2437-2440

Wan Z., Y. Zhang, X. Ma, M.D. King, J. S. Myers, and X. Li (1999). Vicarious calibration of Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Airborne Simulator thermal-infrared channels Appl. Opt., 38, 6294-6306

Kaufman Y.J., P. V. Hobbs, V. W. J. H. Kirchhoff, P. Artaxo, L.A. Remer, B. N. Holben, M.D. King, D. E. Ward, E. M. Prins, K. M. Longo, L. F. Mattos, C. A. Nobre, J. D. Spinhirne, Q. Ji, A. M. Thompson, J.F. Gleason, and S. A. Christopher (1998). Smoke, clouds, and radiation—Brazil (SCAR-B) experiment J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 103, 31783-31808

Kaufman Y.J., R. Kleidman, and M.D. King (1998). SCAR-B fires in the Tropics: Properties and their remote sensing from EOS-MODIS J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 103, 31955-31968

King M.D., S.C. Tsay, S. A. Ackerman, and N. F. Larsen (1998). Discriminating heavy aerosol, clouds, and fires during SCAR-B: Application of airborne multispectral MAS data J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 103, 31989-31999

Tsay S.C., M.D. King, G. T. Arnold, and J. Y. Li (1998). Airborne spectral measurements of surface anisotropy during SCAR-B J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 103, 31943-31953

Wielicki B. A., B. R. Barkstrom, B. A. Baum, T. P. Charlock, R. N. Green, D. P. Kratz, R. B. Lee, P. Minnis, G. L. Smith, T. Wong, D. P. Young, R. D. Cess, J. A. Coakley, D. A. H. Crommelynck, L. Donner, R. Kandel, and M.D. King (1998). Clouds and the Earth's radiant energy system (CERES): Algorithm overview IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 36, 1127-1141

Kaufman Y.J., D. Tanre, H. R. Gordon, T. Nakajima, J. Lenoble, R. Frouin, H. Grassl, B. M. Herman, M.D. King, and P. M. Teillet (1997). Passive remote sensing of tropospheric aerosol and atmospheric correction for the aerosol effect J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 102, 16815-16830

Wang M., and M.D. King (1997). Correction of Rayleigh scattering effects in cloud optical thickness retrievals J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 102, 25915-25926

King M.D., W. P. Menzel, P. S. Grant, J. S. Myers, G. T. Arnold, S. Platnick, L. E. Gumley, S.C. Tsay, C. C. Moeller, M. Fitzgerald, K. S. Brown, and F. G. Osterwisch (1996). Airborne scanning spectrometer for remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, water vapor and surface properties J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 13, 777-794

Tsay S.C., P. M. Gabriel, M.D. King, and G. L. Stephens (1996). Spectral reflectance and atmospheric energetics in cirrus-like clouds. Part II: Applications of a Fourier-riccati approach to radiative transfer J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 3450-3467

Gumley L. E., and M.D. King (1995). Remote sensing of flooding in the U.S. Upper Midwest during the summer of 1993 Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 933-943

King M.D., D.D. Herring, and D. J. Diner (1995). The Earth Observing System (EOS): A space-based program for assessing mankind's impact on the global environment Optics and Photonic News, 6, 34-39

King M.D., S.C. Tsay, and S. Platnick (1995). In situ observations of the indirect effects of aerosol on clouds. (227-248). Aerosol Forcing of Climate, R. J. Charlson and J. E. Heintzenberg, Eds., John Wiley and Sons.

Schwartz S. E., F. Arnold, J. P. Blanchet, P. A. Durkee, D. J. Hofmann, W. A. Hoppel, M.D. King, A. A. Lacis, T. Nakajima, J. A. Ogren, and O. B. Toon (1995). Group report: Connections between aerosol properties and forcing of climate. (251-280). Aerosol Forcing of Climate, R. J. Charlson and J. Heintzenberg, Eds., John Wiley and Sons.

Wielicki B. A., R. D. Cess, M.D. King, D. A. Randall, and E. F. Harrison (1995). Mission to Planet Earth: Role of clouds and radiation in climate Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 76, 2125-2153

Price R. D., M.D. King, J. T. Dalton, K. S. Pedelty, P. E. Ardanuy, and M. K. Hobish (1994). Earth science data for all: EOS and the EOS Data and Information System Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, 60, 277-285

Harshvardhan, and M.D. King (1993). Comparative accuracy of diffuse radiative properties computed using selected multiple scattering approximations J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 247-259

King M.D. (1993). Radiative properties of clouds. (123-149). Aerosol-Cloud-Climate Interactions, P. V. Hobbs, Ed., Academic Press.

King M.D., L. F. Radke, and P. V. Hobbs (1993). Optical properties of marine stratocumulus clouds modified by ships J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 98, 2729-2739

King M.D. (1992). Directional and spectral reflectance of the Kuwait oil-fire smoke J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 97, 14545-14549

King M.D., Y.J. Kaufman, W. P. Menzel, and D. Tanre (1992). Remote sensing of cloud, aerosol, and water vapor properties from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 30, 2-27

Nakajima T., and M.D. King (1992). Asymptotic theory for optically thick layers: Application to the Discrete Ordinates Method Applied Optics, 31, 7669-7683

Nakajima T., M.D. King, J. D. Spinhirne, and L. F. Radke (1991). Determination of the optical thickness and effective particle radius of clouds from reflected solar radiation measurements. Part II: Marine stratocumulus observations J. Atmos. Sci., 48, 728-750

King M.D., L. F. Radke, and P. V. Hobbs (1990). Determination of the spectral absorption of solar radiation by marine stratocumulus clouds from airborne measurements within clouds J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 894-907

Nakajima T., and M.D. King (1990). Determination of the optical thickness and effective particle radius of clouds from reflected solar radiation measurements. Part I: Theory J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 1878-1893

Radke L. F., J. A. Coakley, and M.D. King (1989). Direct and remote sensing observations of the effects of ships on clouds Science, 246, 1146-1149

King, M.D. (1987). Determination of the scaled optical thickness of clouds from reflected solar radiation measurements J. Atmos. Sci., 44, 1734-1751

King M.D., and Harshvardhan (1986). Comparative accuracy of selected multiple scattering approximations J. Atmos. Sci., 43, 784-801

King M.D., M. G. Strange, P. Leone, and L. R. Blaine (1986). Multiwavelength scanning radiometer for airborne measurements of scattered radiation within clouds J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 3, 513-522

Spinhirne J. D., and M.D. King (1985). Latitudinal variation of spectral optical thickness and columnar size distribution of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 90, 10607-10619

Harshvardhan, A. Arking, M.D. King, and M. D. Chou (1984). Impact of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer on northern hemisphere temperatures. (261-273). Aerosols and Their Climatic Effects, H. E. Gerber and A. Deepak, Eds., A. Deepak Publishing.

King M.D., Harshvardhan, and A. Arking (1984). A model of the radiative properties of the El Chichon stratospheric aerosol layer J. Climate Appl. Meteor., 23, 1121-1137

King M.D. (1983). Number of terms required in the Fourier expansion of the reflection function for optically thick atmospheres J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer, 30, 143-161

King M.D. (1982). Sensitivity of constrained linear inversions to the selection of the Lagrange multiplier J. Atmos. Sci., 39, 1356-1369

King M.D. (1981). A method for determining the single scattering albedo of clouds through observation of the internal scattered radiation field J. Atmos. Sci., 38, 2031-2044

King M.D., and R. J. Curran (1980). The effect of a nonuniform planetary albedo on the interpretation of Earth radiation budget observations J. Atmos. Sci., 37, 1262-1278

King M.D., D. M. Byrne, J. A. Reagan, and B. M. Herman (1980). Spectral variation of optical depth at tucson, arizona between august 1975 and december 1977 Journal of Applied Meteorology, 19, 723-732

Reagan J. A., D. M. Byrne, M.D. King, J. D. Spinhirne, and B. M. Herman (1980). Determination of the complex refractive index and size distribution of atmospheric particulates from bistatic-monostatic Lidar and solar radiometer measurements J. Geophys. Res. (Atmos.), 85, 1591-1599

King M.D. (1979). Determination of the ground albedo and the index of absorption of atmospheric particulates by remote sensing. Part II: Application J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 1072-1083

King M.D., and B. M. Herman (1979). Determination of the ground albedo and the index of absorption of atmospheric particulates by remote sensing. Part I: Theory J. Atmos. Sci., 36, 163-173

King M.D., D. M. Byrne, B. M. Herman, and J. A. Reagan (1978). Aerosol size distributions obtained by inversion of spectral optical depth measurements J. Atmos. Sci., 35, 2153-2167

King M.D., and D. M. Byrne (1976). A method for inferring total ozone content from the spectral variation of total optical depth obtained with a solar radiometer J. Atmos. Sci., 33, 2242-2251