Profile for William K.-M. Lau


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Title: Deputy Director
Affiliation: NASA
Contact: E-mail
NASA/GSFC
Code 610
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Office Phone: 301-614-6332
Fax: 301-614-6297

Dr. William K.-M. Lau is the Deputy Director for Atmospheres. He received his P.h.D in Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington in Seattle in 1977. Dr. Lau's research interests include climate dynamics, atmospheric processes, air-sea interaction, aerosol-water cycle interactions, and climate variability and global change.

Publications

Yasunari, T.J., W. Lau, S.P.P. Mahanama, P. R. Colarco, A. M. Da Silva, T. Aoki, K. Aoki, N. Murao, S. Yamagata, and Y. Kodama (2014). The GOddard SnoW Impurity Module (GOSWIM) for the NASA GEOS-5 Earth System Model: Preliminary comparisons with observations in Sapporo, Japan SOLA, (In Press).

Gautam, R., N. Hsu, T.F. Eck, B.N. Holben, S. Janjai, T. Jantarach, S. Tsay, and W. Lau (2013). Characterization of aerosols over the Indochina peninsula from satellite-surface observations during biomass burning pre-monsoon season Atmos. Environ., 78, 51-59
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.05.038

Gautam, R., N.C. Hsu, W.K.Lau, and T. Yasunari (2013). Satellite observations of desert dust-induced Himalayan snow darkening J. Geophy., Res, 40, (Issue 5), 988-993
doi:10.1002/grl.50226

Lau, W., H.T. Wu, and K. Kim (2013). A Canonical Response of Precipitation Characteristics to Global Warming from CMIP5 Models 2013, 40(12), 3163-3169
doi:10.1002/grl.50420

Lee, D., Y.C. Sud, L. Oreopoulos, K.M. Kim, W. K. Lau, and I.-S. Kang (2013). Modeling the influences of aerosols on pre-monsoon circulation and rainfall over Southeast Asia Atmos. Chem. Phys. Disc, 13, 32885-32923
doi:10.5194/acpd-13-32885-2013

Tsay, S., N.C. Hsu, W.K.-M. Lau, C. Li, P.M. Gabriel, Q. Ji, B.N. Holben, E.J. Welton, A.X Nguyen, S. Janjai, N-H. Lin, J.S. Reid, J. Boonjawat, S.G. Howell, B.J. Huebert, J.S. Fu, R.A. Hansell, A.M. Sayer, R. Gautam, S-H. Wang, C.S. Goodloe, L.R. Miko, P.K. Shu, A.M. Loftus, J. Huang, J.Y. Kim, M.-J. Jeong, and P. Pantina (2013). From BASE-ASIA toward 7-SEAS: A satellite-surface perspective of boreal spring biomass-burning aerosols and clouds in Southeast Asia Atmos. Env, 78, 20-34
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.12.013

Yasunari, T.J., Q. Tin, W. Lau, P. Bonasoni, A. Marinoni, P. Laj, M. Menegoz, T. Takemura, and M. Chin (2013). Estimated range of black carbon dry deposition and the related snow albedo reduction over Himalayan glaciers during dry pre-monsoon periods Atmos. Environ., 78, 259-267
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.

Zhou, Y., W. Lau, and C. Liu (2013). Rain characteristics and large-scale environments of precipitation objects with extreme rain volumes from TRMM observations J. Geophy., Res.,-Atmos, 118, online.
doi:10.1002/jgrd.50776

Lau, W., and Y. Zhou (2012). Observed recent trends in tropical cyclone rainfall over the North Atlantic and the North Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 117(D03104).
doi:10.1029/2011JD016510

Vadrevu, K., E. Ellicott, L. Giglio, K.V.S. Badarinath, E. Vermote, C. Justice, and W.K.M. Lau (2012). Vegetation fires in the himalayan region e Aerosol load, black carbon emissions and smoke plume heights Atmosph. Environ., 47, 241-251
doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.11.009

Wang, Sheng-Hsiang, N. Hsu, S. Tsay, N.H. Lin, A. Sayer, S.-J. Huang, and W. Lau (2012). Can Asian dust trigger phytoplankton blooms in the oligotrophic northern South China Sea? Geophys. Res. Lett, 39, L05811.
doi:10.1029/2011GL050415

Gautam, R., N. Hsu, S. Tsay, W. Lau, B. Holben, S. Bell, A. Smirnov, C. Li, R. Hansell, Q. Ji, S. Payra, D. Aryal, R. Kayastha, and K. Kim (2011). Accumulation of Aerosols over the Indo-Gangetic Plains and Southern Slopes of the Himalayas: Distribution, Properties and Radiative Effects during the 2009 Pre-monsoon Season Atmos. Chem. Phys, 11, 12841-12863
10.5194/acp-11-12841-2011

Ji, Q., S. Tsay, W. Lau, R. Hansell, J.J. Butler, and J.W. Cooper (2011). A novel non-intrusive method to resolve the thermal-dome-effect of pyranometers: Radiometric calibration and implications J. Geophy., Res., Atmos, 116, D24105.
doi:10.1029/2011JD016466

Lau, W., and H. Wu (2011). Climatology and changes in tropical oceanic rainfall characteristics inferred from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) data (1998-2009) J. Geophys. Res., 116(D17111), 10pp
doi:10.1029/2011JD015827

Gautam R., N.C. Hsu, and K.-M. Lau (2010). Premonsoon aerosol characterization and radiative effects over the Indo-Gangetic Plains: Implications for regional climate warming J. Geophys. Res., 115(D17208).
doi:10.1029/2010JD013819

Kim, K.M., K. M. Lau, Y.C Sud, and G. Walker (2010). Influence of aerosol radiative forcings on the diurnal and seasonal cycles of rainfall over West Africa and Eastern Atlantic Ocean using GCM simulations Clim. Dynam, 35, 115-126
doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0750-1

Lau, W., M. -K. Kim, K.-M. Kim, and W. -S. Lee (2010). Enhanced surface warming and accelerated snow melt in the Himalayas and Tibetan Plateau induced by absorbing aerosols Environ. Res. Lett, 5(2), 025204
doi:10.1088/1748-9326/5/2/025204

Lau, W., and K. Kim (2010). Fingerprinting the impacts of aerosols on long-term trends of the Indian summer monsoon regional rainfall Geophys. Res. Lett, 37, L16705.
doi:10.1029/2010GL043255

Lau, K-M., and H. Wu (2010). Characteristics of Precipitation, Cloud, and Latent Heating Associated with the Madden-Julian Oscillation J. Climate, 23(3), 504-518
doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2920.1

Reale O., W. Lau, and A. Da Silva (2010). Impact of Interactive Aerosol on the African Easterly Jet in the NASA GEOS-5 Global Forecasting System Geophys. Res. Lett., 26, 504-519
doi:10.1175/WAF-D-11-00091.1

Shen, B., W. Tao, W. Lau, and Atlas R. (2010). Predicting tropical cyclogenesis with a global mesoscale model: Hierarchical multiscale interactions during the formation of tropical cyclone Nargis (2008) J. Geophys. Res., 115(D14102), 15 pages
doi:10.1029/2009JD01340

Shen, B., W. Tao, W. Lau, and R. Atlas (2010). Predicting tropical cyclogenesis with a gobal mesoscale model: Hirarchical multiscale interactions during the formation of tropical cyclone Nargis (2008) J. Geophys. Res., 115, D14102
doi:10.1029/2009JD013140

Wilcox E, W. Lau, and K. M. Kim (2010). A northward shift of the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone in response to summertime Saharan dust outbreak Geophys. Res. Lett., L04804
doi:10.1029/2009GL041774

Wilcox E.M., W.K.M. Lau, and Kim (2010). A Northward Shift of the North Atlantic Ocean Inter-tropical Convergence Zone in Response to Summertime Saharan Dust Outbreaks Geophys. Res. Lett., 37(L04804).
doi:10.1029/2009GL041774

Yasunari T.J. , R. D. Koster , W. Lau, T. Aoki, Y. C. Sud, T. Yamazaki, H. Motoyoshi, and Y. Kodama (2010). Response to the reviewers on “Influence of dust and black carbon on the snow albedo in the NASA GEOS-5 land surface model”. J. Geophys. Res..
doi:10.1029/2010JD014861

Zhou Y., K.-M. Lau, O. Real, and R. Rosenberg (2010). AIRS impact on precipitation analysis and forecast of tropical cyclones in a global data assimilation and forecasting system Geophys. Res. Lett, 37, L02806.
doi:10.1029/2009GL041494

Gautam R, N. C. Hsu, K.-M. Lau, S.-C. Tsay, and M. Kafatos (2009). Enhanced pre-monsoon warming over the Himalayan-Gangetic region from 1979 to 2007 Geophys. Res. Lett., 36(L07704).
doi:10.1029/2009GL037641

Gautam R., N.C. Hsu, K. M. Lau, S.C. Tsay, and M. Kafatos (2009). Enhanced Pre-Monsoon Warming over the Himalayan-Gangetic Region from 1979 to 2007 Geophys. Res. Lett., 36(L07704).
doi:10.1029/2009GL037641

Krishnamurti T. N., A. Chakraborty, A. Martin, W.K. Lau, K.-M. Kim, Y. Sud, and G. Walker (2009). Impact of Arabian Sea Pollution on the Bay of Bengal Winter Monsoon Rains J. Geophys. Res., Atmos., 114(D06213).
doi:10.1029/2008JD010679

Lau, W., K.M. Kim, C. Hsu, and B. Holben (2009). Possible influences of air pollution, dust and sandstorms on the Indian monsoon WMO Bulletin, 58(1), 22-30

Lau, W., and Wu, H.-T. (2009). Characteristics of rainfall, clouds and latent heating associated with the Madden and Julian Oscillation J. Climate, 504-518
doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2920.1

Lau, W., Kim K. M. , Sud Y. C. , and Walker G. K. (2009). A GCM study of the response of the atmospheric water cycle of West Africa and the Atlantic to Saharan dust radiative forcing Ann. Geophys., 27(10), 4023-4037
doi:10.5194/angeo-27-4023-2009

Lau, K.-M., K.M. Kim, Y.C. Sud, and G.K. Walker (2009). A GCM study of the response of the atmospheric water cycle of West Africa and the Atlantic to Saharan dust radiative forcing Ann. Geophys., 27, 4023-4037
doi:10.5194/angeo-27-4023-2009

Lau, K.-M., K.-M. Kim, C. N. Hsu, and B. N. Holben (2009). Possible influences of air pollution, dust- and sandstorms on the Indian monsoon WMO Bulletin. 58(1), 22-30.

Pielke, R., K. Beven, G. Brasseur, J. Calvert, M. Chahine, R. R. Dickerson, D. Entekhabi, E. Foufoula-Georgiou, H. Gupta, V. Gupta, W. Krajewski, E. Philip Krider, W. Lau, J. McDonnell, W. Rossow, J. Schaake, J. Smith, S. Sorooshian, and E. Wood (2009, 10 November). Climate Change: The need to consider human forcings besides greenhouse gases EOS Newsletter, 2-3

Reale O., W. Lau, J. Susskind, E. Brin, E. Liu, P. Riishojgaard, M. Fuentes, and R. Rosenberg (2009). AIRS Impact on the Analysis and Forecast Track of Tropical Cyclone Nargis in a Global Data Assimilation and Forecasting System Geophys. Res. Lett, 36(L068812).
doi:10.1029/2008GL037122

Sun D, K. M. Lau, M. Kafatos, Z. Boybei, G. Leptoukh, and C. Yang (2009). A numerical simulation of the impacts of African dust aerosols and associated Saharan air layer on Atlantic tropical cyclone development J. Climate, 6230-6250
doi:10.1175/2009JCLI2738.1

Tao W.-K., J. Chern, R. Atlas, D. Randall, X. Lin, M. Khairoutdinov, J. Li, D. Waliser, A. Hou, C. Peters-Lidard, W. Lau, and J. Simpson (2009). A Multi-scale modeling system: Development, applications and critical issues Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90(4), 515-534
doi:10.1175/2008BAMS2542.1

Lau, W., Y. Zhou, and H. Wu (2008). Have tropical cyclones been feeding more extreme rainfall? J. Geophys. Res., 113(D23113).
doi:10.1029/2008JD009963

Lau, W., V. Ramanathan, G. -X. Wu, Z. Li, S.C. Tsay, N.C. Hsu, R. Sikka, B. Holben, D. Lu, G. Tartari, M. Chin, P. Koudelova, H. Chen, Y. Ma, J. Huang, K. Taniguchi, and R. Zhang (2008). The Joint Aerosol-Monsoon Experiment: A New Challenge for Monsoon Climate Research Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 89(3).
doi:10.1175/BAMS-89-3-369

Sud Y.C., G.K. Walker, Y.P. Zhou, G. A. Schmidt, W.K.-M. Lau, and R.F. Cahalan (2008). Effects of doubled CO2 on tropical Sea-Surface Temperatures (SSTs) for onset of deep convection and maximum SST: Simulations based inferences Geophy. Res. Lett., 35( L12707).
doi:10.1029/2008GL033872

Sud Y.C., G.K. Walker, Y.P. Zhou, and W.K.-M. Lau (2008). Influence of local and remote sea-surface temperatures on precipitation as inferred from changes in boundary layer moisture convergence and moist thermodynamics over global oceans Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 134(630), 147-163
doi:10.1002/qj.193

Sui C.-H., X. Li, K.-M. Lau, W.-K. Tao, M.-D. Chou, and M.-J. Yang (2008). Convective-radiative-mixing processes in the Tropical Ocean-Atmosphere. Recent Progress in Atmospheric Sciences with Applications to the Asia-Pacific Region, World Scientific Publication, 496

Tao W.-K., C. Peters-Lidard, W. Lau, S. Lang, A. Hou, P. Houser, J. Chern, R. Atlas, D. Anderson, R. Kakar, S. Kumar, W. Lapenta, X. Li, T. Matsui, M. Rienecker, B.-W. Shen, J.J. Shi, J. Simpson, and X. Zeng (2008). A Goddard multi-scale modeling system with unified physics GEWEX News, 18(1), 6-8

Kim M. -K., W.K.M. Lau, K.-M. Kim, and W. -S. Lee (2007). A GCM study of effects of radiative forcing of sulfate aerosol on large scale circulation and rainfall in East Asia during boreal spring Geophys. Res. Lett., L24701, 34.
10.1029/2007GL031683

Lau, W., and H. Wu (2007). Detecting trends in tropical rainfall characteristics, 1979-2003 Int. J. Climatol., 27, 979-988

Lau, K.-M., K.-M. Kim, and M. -I. Lee (2007). Characteristics of Diurnal and Seasonal Cycles in Global Monsoon Systems J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 85A, 403-416.

Lau, K.-M., and K.M. Kim (2007). Cooling of the Atlantic by Saharan dust Geophys. Res. Lett., L23811, 34.
10.1029/2007GL031538

Lau, K.-M., and K.M. Kim (2007). How Nature Foiled the 2006 Hurricane Forecasts EOS Trans. AGU(9), 88, 105-107

Lau, K.-M., and K.-M. Kim (2007). Reply to Comment on "How Nature Foiled the 2006 Hurricane Forecasts" EOS Trans. AGU(26), 88, 271

Lau, K.-M., and K.-M. Kim (2007). Does aerosol weaken or strengthen the Asian monsoon?. (13-22). Mountains Witnesses of Global Changes-Research in the Himalaya and Karakoram: Share-Asia Project. Eds., R. Baudo, G. Tartari, and E. Vuillermoz. Elsevier.

Ramirez N., K. M. Lau, A. Winter, J. M. Castro, and N. R. Escalante (2007). Empirical probability models to predict precipitation levels over Puerto Rico stations Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 877-890

Lau, K.-M., M. -K. Kim, and K.-M. Kim (2006). Asian summer monsoon anomalies induced by aerosol direct forcing - the role of the Tibetan Plateau Climate Dynamics (7-8), 36, 855-864
10.1007/s00382-006-10114-z

Lau, K.-M., S. S. P. Shen, K.-M. Kim, and H. Wang (2006). A multimodel study of the twentieth century simulations of Sahel drought from the 1970s to 1990s J. Geophys. Res., D07111, 111.
10.1029/2005JDO006281

Lau, K.-M., and K.-M. Kim (2006). Observational relationship between aerosol and Asian monsoon circulation rainfall Geophys. Res. Lett., L21810, 33.
10.1029/2006GL027546

Lau, W., H. Wu, Y. Sud, and G. Walker (2005). Effects of cloud microphysics on tropical atmospheric hydrologic processes and intraseasonal variability in the GEOS GCM J. Climate, 18, 4731-4751

Lau, K.-M., K.-M. Kim, and N.C. Hsu (2005). Observational evidence of effects of absorbing aerosols on seasonal-to-interannual anomalies of the Asian monsoon CLIVAR Exchanges(3),., 10, 7-9

Lau, K.-M. (2005). Aerosol-hydrologic cycle interaction: a new challenge in monsoon climate research WCRP GEWEX Newsletter(1), 20, 15, 7-9

Lau, K.-M., and K.-M. Kim (2005). Characterizing monsoon systems using CEOP data CEOP Newsletter, 8, 5-7

Li Q., S. Yang, V. E. Kousky, R. W. Higgins, K. M. Lau, and P. Xie (2005). Features of cross-Pacific climate shown in the variability of Int. J. Climatology, 25, 1675-1696

Lau, K.-M., J.-Y. Lee, K.-M. Kim, and I. -S. Kang (2004). The North Pacific as a regulator of summertime climate over Eurasia and North America J. Climate (4), 17, 819-833

Lau, K.-M., K.-M. Kim, and J.-.Y. Lee (2004). Interannual variability, global teleconnection and potential predictability associated with the Asian summer monsoon East Asian Monsoon, Ed. C. P. Chang, World Scientific Publisher, 153-176

Li, X., C.-H. Sui, K.-M. Lau, and W.-K. Tao (2004). Tropical convective responses to microphysical and radiative processes: A sensitivity study with a 2D Cloud resolving model Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics.
10.1007/s00703-004-0088-5

Yang F., A. Kumar, and W.K.-M. Lau (2004). Potential predictability of US summer climate with "perfect" soil moisture J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 883-895

Lau, W., and H. Wu (2003). Warm rain processes over tropical oceans and climate implications Geophys. Res. Lett.(24), 30, 2290
doi:10.1029/2003GL018567

Lau, W., and H. Wu (2002). Evolution of the Large Scale Circulation, Cloud Structure and Regional Water Cycle Associated with the South China Sea Monsoon during May-June, 1998 J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 80(5), 1129-1147

Lau, W., and H. Wu (2001). Principal Modes of Rainfall-SST Variability of the Asian Summer Monsoon: A Reassessment of the Monsoon-ENSO Relationship J. Climate, 14, 2880-2895

Lau, K.-M., Y. Ding, J.T. Wang, R. Johnson, T. Keenan, R. Cifelli, J. Gerlach, O. Thiele, T. Rickenbach, S.C. Tsay, and P. H. Lin (2000). A report of the field operations and early results of the South China Sea Monsoon Experiment (SCSMEX) Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 81, 1261-1270

Lau, W., and H. Wu (1999). Assessment of the Impacts of the 1997-98 El Nino on the Asian-Australian Monsoon Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 1871-1882

Li X., C. H. Sui, K. M. Lau, and M. D. Chou (1999). Large-scale forcing and cloud-radiation interaction in the Tropical Deep Convective Regime J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 3028-3042

Ho C. H., M. D. Chou, M. Suarez, and K. M. Lau (1998). Effect of ice cloud on GCM climate simulations Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 71-74

Ho C. H., M. D. Chou, M. Suarez, K. M. Lau, and M.H. Yan (1998). Comparison of model-calculated and ERBE-retrieved clear-sky Outgoing Longwave Radiation J. Geophys. Res., 103, 11529-11536

Lau, W., H. Wu, and S. Yang (1998). Hydrologic processes Associated with the First Transition of the Asian Summer Monsoon: A Pilot Satellite Study Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 79, 1871-1882

Lau, W., H. Wu, and S. Bony (1997). The Role of Large-scale Atmospheric Circulation in the Relationship between Tropical Convection and Sea Surface Temperature J. Climate, (3), 10, 381-392

Lau, K.-M., C. H. Ho, and M. D. Chou (1996). Water vapor and cloud feedback over the tropical oceans: Can we use ENSO as a surrogate for climate change? Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 2971-2974

Lau, K.-M., J.-H. Kim, and Y.C. Sud (1996). Intercomparison of hydrologic processes in AMIP GCMs Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.(10), 77, 2209-2227

Lau, W., and H. Wu (1994). Large Scale Dynamics associated with Super Cloud Cluster Organization over the Tropical Western Pacific J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 72, 481-491

Lau, K.-M., V. Mehta, Y.C. Sud, and G.K. Walker (1994). Climatology and natural variability of the global hydrologic cycle in the GLA atmospheric general circulation model J. Geophys. Res. - Atmos.(D1), 99, 1329-1345

Lau, K.-M., C. -H. Sui, M. -D. Chou, and W.-K. Tao (1994). An inquiry into the Cirrus-Cloud Thermostat Effect for tropical sea surface temperature Geophys Res. Lett., 21, 1157-1160

Lau, K.-M., C. -H. Sui, M. -D. Chou, and W.-K. Tao (1994). Reply to Comment on paper: An inquiry into the Cirrus-Cloud Thermostat Effect for tropical sea surface temperature Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1187-1188

Hirst A., and W. Lau (1990). Intraseasonal and Interannual Variability in Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Models. J. Climate, 3, 713-725

Lau, W., and Peng L. (1990). Origin of Low-Frequency (intraseasonal) Oscillation in the Tropical Atmosphere Part III. Monsoon Dynamics. J. Atmos. Sci., 47, 1443-1462

Park C-K., Strauss D., and W. Lau (1990). An Evaluation of the Structure of Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillations in three General Circulation Models. J. Meteor. Soc., Japan, 68, 403-417

Lau, W., I-S Kang, and P.J. Sheu (1989). Principal Modes of Intraseasonal Oscillation in Angular Momentum and Tropical Convection. J. Geophys. Res., 94, 6319-6332

Lau, W., Peng C.H., and Nakazawa T. (1989). Dynamics of Super Cloud Clusters, Westerly Wind Bursts, 30-60 Day Oscillations and ENSO: An Unifying View. J. Met. Soc. Japan, 67, 205-219