Atmospheres 2004 Technical Highlights: Appendix A2. Refereed Papers

This appendix lists all of the refereed articles published in 2004 by Division staff, whose names appear in bold type. The references marked with an asterisk (*) are those that are highlighted in Appendix A3, with a copy of the first page showing their abstracts.

910 Senior Staff and Senior Scientists

* Curtis, S., R.F. Adler, G.J. Huffman, and G. Gu, 2004: Westerly wind events and precipitation in the Eastern Indian Ocean as predictors for El Niño and case study for the 2002–2003 El Niño, J. Geophys. Res-Atmos., 109, D20104, doi: 10.1029/2004JD004663, 11 pp.

Grebowsky, J.M., D.H. Crider, D.S. Intriligator, R.E. Hartle, and M.H. Acuna, 2004: Venus/Mars pickup ions and ionosheath wave structures, Adv. Space Res.,33, 176–181.

Haddad, Z.S., J.P. Meagher, R.F. Adler, E.A. Smith, E. Im, and S.L. Durden, 2004: Global variability of precipitation according to the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, J. Geophys. Res.—Atmos.,109, D17.

Jones, C., D.E. Waliser, K.-M. Lau, and W. Stern, 2004: The Madden-Julian oscillation and its impact on Northern Hemisphere weather predictability, Mon. Weather Rev.,132, 1462–1471.

Krishnamurti, T., T. Kumar, B. Mackey, N. Cubucku, R. Ross and R. Adler, 2004: Current thrusts on TRMM and SSM/I based modeling studies on heavy rains and flooding episodes. Mausam, Quar. J. Meteor. Hydro. Geophys., 54, 121–140.

* Lau, K.M., J.Y. Lee, K.M. Kim, et al., 2004: The North Pacific as a regulator of summertime climate over Eurasia and North America, J. Climate,17, 819–833.

Yang, F.L., and K.-M. Lau, 2004: Trend and variability of China precipitation in spring and summer: Linkage to sea-surface temperatures, Int. J. Climatol.,24, 1625–1644.

Yang, F.L., A. Kumar, and K.-M. Lau, 2004: Potential predictability of US summer climate with “perfect” soil moisture, J. Hydrometeorol.,5, 883–895.

Yang, S., K.-M. Lau, S.H. Yoo, J.L. Kinter, K. Miyakoda, and C.H. Ho, 2004: Upstream subtropical signals preceding the Asian summer monsoon circulation, J. Climate,17, 4213-4229.

Yu, J.Y. and K.-M. Lau, 2004: Contrasting Indian Ocean SST variability with and without ENSO influence: A coupled atmosphere–ocean GCM study, Meteo. Atmos. Physics, DOI=10.1007/500703-004-0094-7.

910 Data Impact and Modeling Team

Chou, S.-H., E. Nelkin, J. Ardizzone, and R. Atlas, 2004: A comparison of latent heat fluxes over global oceans for four flux products. J. Climate. 17, 3973–3989.

Crisp, D, R.M. Atlas, F.M. Breon, L.R. Brown, J.P. Burrows, et al., 2004: The orbiting carbon observatory (OCO) mission, Adv. Space Res.,34, 700–709.

Hou, A.Y., S. Q. Zhang, and O. Reale, 2004: Variational Continuous Assimilation of TMI and SSM/I Rain Rates: Impact on GEOS-3 Hurricane Analyses and Forecast, Mon. Weather Rev.,132, 2094–2109.

Lin, S.-J., R. Atlas, and K.-S. Yeh, 2004: Global Weather prediction and high-end computing at NASA, Comp. Sci. Eng.,6, 29–35.

Riishojgaard, L.P., R. Atlas, and G.D. Emmitt, 2004: The impact of Doppler lidar wind observations on a single-level meteorological analysis, J. Appl. Meteor.,43, 810–820.

Turato, B., O. Reale, and F. Siccardi, 2004: Water vapor sources of the October 2000 Piedmont flood. J. Hydrometeorol., 5, 693–712.

912 Mesoscale Atmospheric Processes Branch

Amitai, E., J.A. Nystuen, L. Liao, R. Meneghini, and E. Morin, 2004: Uniting space, ground, and underwater measurements for improved estimates of rain rate. IEEE Geosci. Remote Sens. Lett. 1, 35-38, doi: 10.1109/LGRS.2004.824767.

Brown, T.M., H.C. Ferguson, E. Smith, R.A. Kimble, A.V. Sweigart, A. Renzini, R.M. Rich, and D.A. VandenBerg, 2004: Age constraints for an M31 globular cluster from main-sequence photometry. Astrophys. J., 613(2), L125–L128 Part 2.

Brown, T.M., H.C. Ferguson, E. Smith, R.A. Kimble, A.V. Sweigart, A. Renzini, and R.M. Rich, 2004: RR Lyrae stars in the Andromeda halo from deep imaging with the Advanced Camera for surveys. Astron. J.127(5), 2738–2752.

Di Girolamo, P.R. Marchese, D.N. Whiteman, and B.B. Demoz, 2004: Rotational Raman Lidar measurements of atmospheric temperature in the UV, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L01106, doi:10.1029/2003GL018342.

Fisher, B.L., 2004: Climatological validation of TRMM TMI and PR monthly products over Oklahoma. J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 519–535.

Gage, K.S., W.L. Clark, C.R. Williams, and A. Tokay, 2004: Determining reflectivity measurement error from serial measurements using paired disdrometers and profilers. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L23107, December 7.

Gao, S., F. Ping, X. Li, and W.-K. Tao, 2004: A convective vorticity associated with tropical convection: A 2D cloud-resolving modeling study. J. Geophys. Res.–Atmos., 109, D14106, doi:10.1029/2004JD004807.

Grecu, M., W. Olson, and E. Anagnostou, 2004: Retrieval of precipitation profiles from multiresolution, multifrequency active and passive microwave observations. J. Appl. Meteor,.43, 562–575.

Grecu, M., and E. Anagnostou, 2004: A differential attenuation based algorithm for estimating precipitation from dual-wavelength spaceborne radar. Can. J. Remote. Sens.,30, 697–705.

Griaznov, V., I. Veselovskii, P. Di Girolamo, B. Demoz, and D.N. Whiteman, 2004: Numerical simulation of light backscattering by spheres with off-center inclusion. Application to the lidar case. Appl. Opt., 43(29), 5512–5522.

Gu, G., and R. Adler, 2004: Seasonal evolution and variability associated with the West African monsoon system. J. Climate, 17, 3364–3377.

* Gu, G., R. Adler, G. Huffman, and S. Curtis, 2004: African easterly waves and their association with precipitation. J. Geophys.Res.-Atmos.,109, D0410, doi:10.1029/2003JD003967.

Gu, J.J., E.A. Smith, H.J. Cooper, A. Grose, G. Liu,J.D. Merritt, M.J. Waterloo, A.C. de Araújo, A.D. Nobre, A.O. Manzi, J. Marengo, P.J. de Oliveira, C. von Randow, J. Norman, and P. Silva Dias, 2004: Modeling carbon sequestration over large scale Amazon basin aided by satellite observations. Part 1: Wet and dry season SRB flux and precipitation variability based on GOES retrievals. J. Appl. Meteorol.,43, 870–886.

Gultepe, I., G.A. Isaac, J. Key, J. Intrieri, D.O'C. Starr, and K.B. Strawbridge, 2004: Dynamical and microphysical characteristics of Arctic clouds using integrated observations collected over SHEBA during the April 1998 FIRE.ACE flights of the Canadian Convair. Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 85, 235–263.

Jensen, E., D.O'C. Starr, and O.B. Toon, 2004: Mission investigates tropical cirrus clouds. Eos, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 84(5), 45 and 50.

Kahn, R., J. Anderson, T.L. Anderson, T. Bates, F. Brechtel, C.M. Carrico, A. Clarke, S.J. Doherty, E. Dutton, R. Flagan, R. Frouin, H. Fukushima, B. Holben, S. Howell, B. Huebert, A. Jefferson, H. Jonsson, O. Kalashnikova, J. Kim, S-W. Kim, P. Kus, W-H. Li, J.M. Livingston, C. McNaughton, J. Merrill, S. Mukai, T. Murayama, T. Nakajima, P. Quinn, J. Redemann, M. Rood, P. Russell, I. Sano, B. Schmid, J. Seinfeld, N. Sugimoto, J. Wang, E.J. Welton, J-G. Won, and S-C. Yoon, 2004: Environmental snapshots from ACE-Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 109, D19S14, doi: 10.1029/2003JD004339.

Katsanos, D., K. Lagouvardos, V. Kotroni, and G. Huffman, 2004: Statistical evaluation of MPA-RT high-resolution precipitation estimates from satellite platforms over the central and eastern Mediterranean. Geophys. Res. Lett.,31, L06116, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019142.

Kelley, O.A., J. Stout, and J.B. Halverson, 2004: Tall precipitation cells in tropical cyclone eyewalls are associated with tropical cyclone intensification. Geophys. Res. Lett.,31, L24122.

Korb, C.L., and Weng, C.Y., 2004: Effective frequency technique for finite spectral bandwidth effects. Appl. Opt.,43(18), 3747–3751.

Lang, S., W.-K. Tao, J. Simpson, and B. Ferrier, 2004: Comments on “Modeling of convective-stratiform precipitation processes: Sensitivity to partitioning methods” Reply, J. Appl. Meteor., 43, 962–965.

Liu, Z.Y., M.A. Vaughan, D.M. Winker, C.A. Hostetler, L.R. Poole, D. Hlavka, W. Hart, and M. McGill, 2004: Use of probability distribution functions for discriminating between cloud and aerosol in lidar backscatter data. J. Geophys. Res.–Atmos.,109(D15), Art. No. D15202.

Mahesh, A., M. Gray, S. Palm, W. Hart, and J. Spinhirne, 2004: Passive and active detection of clouds: Comparisons between MODIS and GLAS observations. Geophys. Res. Lett.,31, L04108, doi:10.1029/2003GL018859.

Mahesh, A., 2004: Improved detection of large particles from infrared spectral observations. Geophys. Res. Lett.,31, L04110, doi:10.1029/2003GL018768.

Mahesh, A., R. Eager, J. Campbell, and J. Spinhirne, 2004: Observations of blowing snow at the South Pole. J. Geophys. Res.,108(D22), 4707, doi:10.1029/2002JD003327.

Matsui, T., H. Masunaga, R. Pielke, and W.-K. Tao, 2004: Impact of aerosols and atmospheric thermodynamics on cloud properties within climate system. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, 6, L06109, doi:10.1029/2003GL019287.

* McGill, M., L. Li, G.M. Heymsfield, D.L. Hlavka, W.D. Hart, D.M. Winker, P.E. Racette, L. Tian, and M.A. Vaughan, 2004: Combined lidar-radar remote sensing: Initial results from CRYSTAL-FACE. J. Geophys. Res.,109, doi:10.1029/2003JD004030.

* Negri, A., R. Adler, L. Xu, and J. Surrat, 2004: The impact of an Amazon deforestation on dry-season rainfall. J. Clim.,17, 1306–1319.

Nicholson, S.E., B. Some, J. McCollum, E. Nelkin, D. Klotter, Y. Berte, B.M. Diallo, I. Gaye, G. Kpabeba, O. Ndiaye, J.N. Noukpozounkou, M.M. Tanu, A. Thiam, A.A. Toure, and A.K. Traore, 2004: Validation of TRMM and other rainfall estimates with a high-density gauge data set for West Africa. Part I. Validation of GPCC rainfall product and pre-TRMM satellite and blended products. J. Appl. Meteor., 42, 1337–1354.

Nicholson, S.E., B. Some, J. McCollum, E. Nelkin, D. Klotter, Y. Berte, B.M. Diallo, I. Gaye, G. Kpabeba, O. Ndiaye, J.N. Noukpozounkou, M.M. Tanu, A. Thiam, A.A. Toure, and A.K. Traore, 2004: Validation of TRMM and other rainfall estimates with a high-density gauge data set for West Africa. Part II. Validation of TRMM rainfall products. J. Appl. Meteor., 42, 1355–1368.

Pu, Z.X., and W.-K. Tao, 2004: Mesoscale assimilation of TMI rainfall data with 4DVR: Sensitivity studies, J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 82, 1389–1397.

Qian, J.H., W.K. Tao, and K.M. Lau, 2004: Mechanisms for torrential rain associated with the mei-yu development during SCSMEX 1998. Mon. Wea. Rev.,132(1), 3–27.

Quinn, P.K., D.J. Coffman, T.S. Bates, E.J. Welton, D.S. Covert, T.L. Miller, J.E. Johnson, S. Maria, L. Russell, R. Arimoto, C.M. Carrico, M.J. Rood, J. Anderson, 2004: Aerosol optical properties measured on board the Ronald H. Brown during ACE-Asia as a function of aerosol chemical composition and source region. J. Geophys. Res.–Atmos., 109(D19): Art. No. D19S01.

Rajendran, K., T.N. Krishnamurti, V. Misra, and W.K. Tao, 2004: An empirical cumulus parameterization scheme for a global spectral model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan,82(4): 989–1006.

Ridley, B., L. Ott, K. Pickering, L. Emmons, D. Montzka, A. Weinheimer, D. Knapp, F. Grahek, L. Li, G. Heymsfield, M. McGill, P. Kucera, M. J. Mahoney, D. Baumgardner, M. Schultz, and B. Brasseur, 2004: Florida Thunderstorms: A Faucet of Reactive Nitrogen to the Upper Troposphere. J. Geophys. Res., DI7305, doi:10.1029/2004JD004769.

Roy, B., J.B. Halverson, and J.H. Wang, 2004: The influence of radiosonde “age” on TRMM field campaign soundings humidity correction. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 21, 470–480.

Shepherd, J.M., L. Taylor, and C. Garza, 2004: A Dynamic GIS–Multicriteria Technique for Siting the NASA–Clark Atlanta Urban Rain Gauge Network. J. Atmos. Oceanic. Tech., 21, 1346-1363.

Shepherd, J.M., 2004: A Reply to Diem et al.’s “Commentary on A Recent Literature Contribution Focused on Urban-Induced Rainfall in Atlanta.” J. Appl. Meteor,.43, 951–957.

Sherwood, S.C., P. Minnis, and M. McGill, 2004: Deep convective cloud-top heights and their thermodynamic control during CRYSTAL-FACE. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos.,109(D20), Art. No. D20119.

Sherwood, S.C., J.H. Chae, P. Minnis, and M. McGill, 2004: Underestimation of deep convective cloud tops by thermal imagery. Geophys. Res. Lett. 31(11), Art. No. L11102.

Shige, S., Y.N. Takayabu, W.K. Tao, and D.E. Johnson, 2004: Spectral retrieval of latent heating profiles from TRMM PR data. Part I: Development of a model-based algorithm. J. Appl. Meteor. 43(8), 1095–1113.

* Tao, W.K., D. Johnson, C.L. Shie, 2004: The atmospheric energy budget and large-scale precipitation efficiency of convective systems during TOGA COARE, GATE, SCSMEX, and ARM: Cloud-resolving model simulations. J. Atmos. Sci., 61(20), 2405–2423.

* Veselovskii, I., A. Kolgotin, V. Griaznov, D. Müller, K. Franke, D.N. Whiteman, 2004: Inversion of multiwavelength Raman lidar data for retrieval of bimodal aerosol size distribution. Appl. Opt., 43, 1180–1195.

* Wang, Z., D.N. Whiteman, B.B. Demoz, and I. Veselovskii, 2004: A new way to measure cirrus cloud ice water content using ice Raman scatter with Raman lidar. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L15101.

Wang. Z., K. Sassen, D. Whiteman, B. Demoz, 2004: Studying altocumulus with ice virga using ground-based active and passive remote sensors. J. Appl. Meteor.,43(3), 449–460.

Weckwerth, T., D. Parsons, S. Koch, S. Moore, M. LeMone, B. Demoz, C. Flamant, B. Geerts, J. Wang, and W. Feltz, 2004: An Overview of the International H2O Project (IHOP_2002) and Some Preliminary Highlights. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc.,85, 253–277.

* Whiteman, D.N., B. Demoz, Z. Wang, 2004: Subtropical cirrus cloud extinction to backscatter ratios measured by Raman Lidar during CAMEX-3. Geophys. Res. Lett.,31(12), Art. No. L12105 doi: 10.1029/2004GL020003.

Yang, S., 2004: Precipitation and latent heating estimation from passive microwave satellite measurements: A review. Observations, theory, and modeling of the atmospheric and oceanic variability. World Scientific Series on Meteorology of East Asia,3, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., Singapore, 484–500.

Yoshizaki, M., T. Kato, H. Eito, S. Hayashi, and W.-K. Tao, 2004: An overview of the field experiment “Winter Mesoscale convective systems (MCSs) over the Japan Sea 2001,” and comparisons of the cold-air outbreak case (14 January) between analysis and a non-hydrostatic cloud-resolving model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 82, 989–1006.

913 Climate and Radiation Branch

Alexandrov, M.D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A.A. Lacis, and B.E. Carlson, 2004: Automatic cloud screening algorithm for MFRSR data. Geophys. Res. Lett.,31(4), L04118, doi: 10.1029/2003GL019105.

Alexandrov, M.D., A. Marshak, B. Cairns, A.A. Lacis, and B.E. Carlson, 2004: Scaling properties of aerosol optical thickness retrieved from ground-based measurements. J. Atmos. Sci.,61, 1024–1039.

Chao, W., and B. Chen, 2004: Single and double ITCZ in an Aqua-Planet model with constant SST and solar angle. Clim. Dynamics, 22, 447–459.

* Chiu, J.-Y.C., A. Marshak, and W.J. Wiscombe, 2004: The effect of surface heterogeneity on cloud absorption estimates. Geophys. Res. Lett.,31, L15105, doi:10.1029/2004GL020104.

Davis, A.B., and A. Marshak, 2004: Photon propagation in heterogeneous optical media with spatial correlations: Enhanced mean-free-paths and wider-than-exponential free-path distribution. J. Quant. Spectr. Rad. Trans., 84, 3–34.

Edwards, D.P., L.K. Emmons, D.A. Hauglustaine, D.A. Chu, J.C. Gille, Y.J. Kaufman, G. Petron, L.N. Yurganov, L. Giglio, M.N. Deeter, V. Yudin, D.C. Ziskin, J. Warner, J.-F. Lemarque, G.L. Francis, S.P. Ho, D. Mao, J. Chan, and J.R. Drummond, 2004: Observations of carbon monoxide and aerosol from the Terra satellite: Northern Hemisphere variability. J. Geophys. Res.,109(D24), doi: 10.1029/2004JD004727.

Figueras, D., A. Karnieli, A. Brenner, and Y.J. Kaufman, 2004: Masking turbid water in the southeastern Mediterranean Sea utilizing the SeaWiFS 510 nm spectral band. Int. J. Rem. Sen., 25(19), 4051–4059.

Gao, B.C., P.K. Chan, and R.R. Li, 2004: A global water vapor data set obtained by merging the SSMI and MODIS data. Geophys. Res. Lett., L18103, doi:10.1029/2004GL020656.

Geogdzhayev, I.V., M.I. Mishchenko, L. Liu, and L. Remer, 2004: Global two-channel AVHRR aerosol climatology: effects of stratospheric aerosols and preliminary comparisons with MODIS and MISR retrievals. J. Quant. Spectr. Rad. Trans.,88, 47–59.

Grab, S.W., C.K. Gatebe, and A.M. Kinyua, 2004: Ground thermal profiles from Mount Kenya, East Africa. Geogr. Ann., 86A(2), 131–141.

Hsu, N.C., S.C. Tsay, M.D. King, and J.R. Herman, 2004: Aerosol retrievals over bright-reflecting source regions. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42, 557–569.

* Ichoku, C., Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, and R. Levy, 2004: Global aerosol remote sensing from MODIS. Adv. Space Res., 34, 820–827.

* Jin, M., 2004: Analysis of skin temperature variations using long-duration AVHRR observations. Bull. Am. Meteor. Soc., 85(4), 587-600, doi:10.1175/BAMS-85-4-587.

Kim, M.-K., I.-S. Kang, C.-K. Park, and K.-M. Kim, 2004: Superensemble prediction of regional precipitation over Korea. Int. J. Climatol.,24(6), 777–790.

* King, M.D., S. Platnick, P. Yang, G.T. Arnold, M.A. Gray, J. Riedi, S.A. Ackerman, and K.N. Liou, 2004: Remote sensing of liquid water and ice cloud optical thickness and effective radius in the Arctic: Application of airborne multispectral MAS data. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol.,21, 857–875.

Koren, I., and Y.J. Kaufman, 2004: Direct wind measurements of Saharan dust events from Terra and Aqua satellites. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L06122, doi:10.1029/2003GL019338.

* Koren, I., Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, and J.V. Martins, 2004: Measurement of the effect of Amazon smoke on inhibition of cloud formation. Science, 303, 1342–1345.

Koster, R.D., P.A. Dirmeyer, Z. Guo, G. Bonan, E. Chan, P. Cox, C.T. Gordon, S. Kanae, E. Kowalczyk, D. Lawrence, P. Liu, C.-H. Lu, S. Malyshev, B. McAvaney, K. Mitchell, D. Mocko, T. Oki, K. Oleson, A. Pitman, Y.C. Sud, et al., 2004: Regions of strong coupling between soil moisture and precipitation. Science, 305(5687), 1138–1140.

Kumar, A., F. Yang, L. Goddard, and S. Schubert, 2004: Differing trends in the tropical surface temperatures and precipitation over land and oceans. J. Clim., 17(3), 653–664.

* Levy, R.C., L.A. Remer, and Y.J. Kaufman, 2004: Effects of neglecting polarization on the MODIS aerosol retrieval over land. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sen., 42(11), 2576–2583.

Li, R.-R., Y.J. Kaufman, W.-M. Hao, J.M. Salmon, and B.-C. Gao, 2004: A technique for detecting burn scars using MODIS data. IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens.,42(6), 1300–1308.

Mahesh, A., M.A. Gray, S.P. Palm, W.D. Hart, and J.D. Spinhirne, 2004: Passive and active detection of clouds: Comparisons between MODIS and GLAS observations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L04108, doi:10.1029/2003GL018859.

* Marshak, A., Y. Knyazikhin, K. Evans, and W. Wiscombe, 2004: The “RED versus NIR” plane to retrieve broken-cloud optical depth from ground-based measurements. J. Atmos. Sci., 61, 1911–1925.

Matsui, T., S. Kreidenweis, R.A. Pielke, Sr., B. Schichtel, H. Yu, M. Chin, A. Chu, and D. Niyogi, 2004: Regional comparison and assimilation of GOCART and MODIS aerosol optical depth across the eastern U.S. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L21101, doi:10.1029/2004GL021017.

Mishchenko, M.I., B. Cairns, J.E. Hansen, L.D. Travis, R. Burg, Y.J. Kaufman, J.V. Martins, and E.P. Shettle, 2004: Monitoring of aerosol forcing from space: analysis of measurement requirements. J. J. Quant. Spectr. Rad. Trans.,88, 149–161.

* Oreopoulos, L., M.-D. Chou, M. Khairoutdinov, H.W. Barker, and R.F. Cahalan, 2004: Performance of Goddard Earth Observing System GCM column radiation models under heterogeneous cloud conditions. Atmos. Res., 72, 365–382.

Procopio, A.S., P. Artaxo, Y.J. Kaufman, L.A. Remer, J.S. Schafer, and B.N. Holben, 2004: Multiyear analysis of Amazonian biomass burning smoke radiative forcing of climate. J. Geophys. Res.,31(3), L03108, doi:10.1029/2003GL018646.

Vinoj, V., S.S. Babu, S.K. Satheesh, K.K. Moorthy, and Y.J. Kaufman, 2004: Radiative forcing by aerosols over Bay of Bengal region derived from ship-borne measurements and MODIS optical depths. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D05203, doi:10.1029/2003JD004329.

Wei, H., P. Yang, J. Li, B.A. Baum, H.-L. Huang, S. Platnick, Y.X. Hu, and L. Strow, 2004: Retrieval of ice cloud optical thickness from Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) measurements. Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 42, 2254–2266.

Yu, H.B., R.E. Dickinson, M. Chin, L. Zhou, Y. Tian, O. Dubovik, and B. Holben, 2004: Direct radiative effect of aerosols as determined from a combination of MODIS retrievals and GOCART simulations. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D03206, doi:10:1029/2003JD003914.

Zhang, Z., P. Yang, G.W. Kattawar, S.C. Tsay, B.A. Baum, Y. Hu, A.J. Heymsfield, and J. Reichardt, 2004: Geometrical-optics solution to light scattering by droxtal ice crystals. Appl. Opt., 43, 2490–2499.

915 Atmospheric Experiment Branch

* Cabane, M., P. Coll, C. Szopa, P. Mahaffy, and H. Niemann, 2004: Did life exist on Mars? Search for organic and inorganic signatures, one of the goals for “SAM” (sample analysis at Mars), Adv. Space Res.,33, 2240–2245.

Glavin, D.P., H.J. Cleaves, M. Schubert, A. Aubrey, and J.L. Bada, 2004: New method for estimating bacterial cell abundances in natural samples by use of sublimation, Appl. Environ. Microbiol.,70, 5923–5928.

* Glavin, D.P., G. Matrajt, J.L. Bada, et al., 2004: Re-examination of amino acids in Antarctic micrometeorites, Adv. Space Res., 33, 106–113.

Wolff, C.L., and H.G. Mayr, 2004: The Sun’s reversing flows and heat spike as caused by g-modes, Astrophys. J., 606, L163–L166.

* Wong, M.H., P.R. Mahaffy, S.K. Atreya, and H. Niemann, 2004: Updated Galileo probe mass spectrometer measurements of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur on Jupiter, ICARUS,171,153–170.

916 Atmospheric Chemistry and Dynamics Branch

Acker, J.G., A.P. Vasilkov, D. Nadeau, and N. Kuring, 2004: Use of SeaWiFS ocean color data to estimate neritic sediment mass transport from carbonate platforms for two hurricane-forced events. Coral Reefs,23, 39–47.

Ahmad, Z., P.K. Bhartia, and N. Krotkov, 2004: Spectral properties of backscattered UV radiation in cloudy atmospheres. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D01201, doi:10.1029/2003JD003395.

Ajtic, J., B.J. Connor, B.N. Lawrence, G.E. Bodeker, K.W. Hoppel, J.E. Rosenfield, and D.N. Hueff, 2004: Dilution of the Antarctic Ozone Hole into southern midlatitudes, 1998–2000. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D17107, doi:10.1029/2003JD004500.

Cakmur, R., R. Miller, and O. Torres, 2004: Incorporating the effect of small scale circulations upon dust emission in an AGCM. J. Geophys. Res., 109, D07201, doi:0.1029/2003JD004067.

Carn, S.A., A.J. Krueger, N.A. Krotkov, and M.A. Gray, 2004: Fire at Iraqi sulfur plant emits SO2 clouds detected by Earth Probe TOMS. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(19), L19105, doi:10.1029/2004GL020719.

Cede, A., E. Luccini, R.D. Piacentini, L. Nuñez, M. Blumthaler, and J. Herman, 2004: TOMS-derived erythemal irradiance versus measurements at the stations of the Argentine UV Monitoring Network. J. Geophys. Res., 109(D8), D08109, doi:10.1029/2004JD004519.

* Chandra, S., J.R. Ziemke, X. Tie, and G. Brasseur, 2004: Elevated ozone in the troposphere over the Atlantic and Pacific oceans in the Northern Hemisphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L23102, doi:10.1029/2004GL020821.

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Jackman, C.H., and R.D. McPeters, 2004: The effect of solar proton events on ozone and other constituents. Geophys. Monograph, AGU, 141, doi:10.1029/141GM21.

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Poli, P., and J. Joiner, 2004: Effects of horizontal gradients on GPS radio occultation observation operators. Part I: Ray-tracing. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 130, 2787–2805.

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