Profile for Wei-Kuo Tao

Title: Research Meteorologist
Affiliation: NASA
Contact: E-mail
Code 613.1 NASA/GSFC
Greenbelt, MD 20771

Office Phone: 301-614-6269
Fax: 301-614-5492


Ph.D. - 1982 - Atmospheric Science - University of Illinois M.S. - 1987 - Computer Science - The Johns Hopkins University M.S. - 1978 - Atmospheric Science - University of Illinois B.S. - 1974 - Atmospheric Physics - National Central University

Research Interests

  • Mesoscale Convective Systems and Modeling
  • Computational Fluid Dynamics and Numerical Methods
  • Satellite Rainfall and Heating Profiles Estimation
  • Air-Sea-Land Interaction and Cloud Radiation Interaction
  • Cloud-Chemistry Interaction
  • Cloud Processes in Mesoscale and General Circulation Models
  • Regional Hydrological Cyclone
  • Publications

    Lee, S.-S., W.-K. Tao, and C.-H. Jung (2014). Aerosol Effects on Instability, Circulations, Clouds and Precipitation Advances in Meteorology, 2014(683950).

    Matsui, T., T. Iguchi, X. Li, M. Han, W.-K. Tao, W. Petersen, T. L'Ecuyer, R. Meneghini, W. Olson, C. D. Kummerow, A. Y. Hou, M. R. Schwaller, E. F. Stocker, and J. Kwiatkowski (2013). GPM Satellite Simulator over Ground Validation Sites Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94(11), 1653-1660

    Shen, B.-W., B. Nelson, W.-K. Tao, and Y.-L. Lin (2013). Advanced Visualizations of Scale Interactions of Tropical Cyclone Formation and Tropical Waves IEEE CiSE, 15(2), 47-59

    Shen, B.-W., B. Nelson, S. Cheung, and W.-K. Tao (2013). Improving NASA's Multiscale Modeling Framework for Tropical Cyclone Climate Study IEEE Computing in Science & Engineering, 15(5), 56-67

    Tao, W.-K., D. Wu, T. Matsui, C. Peters-Lidard, S. Lang, A. Hou, and M. Rienecker (2013). The Diurnal Variation of Precipitation during MC3E: A Numerical Modeling Study Journal of Geophysical Research, 118(113), 7199–7218

    Wu, D., X. Dong, B. Xi, Z. Feng, A. Kennedy, G. Mullendore, M. Gilmore, and W.-K. Tao (2013). Impacts of microphysical scheme on convective and stratiform characteristics in two high precipitation squall line events Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118, 11119-11135

    Zeng, X., W.-K. Tao, S. W. Powell, R. A. Houze Jr., P. Ciesielski, N. Guy, H. Pierce, and T. Matsui (2013). A Comparison of the Water Budgets between Clouds from AMMA and TWP-ICE Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(2), 487-503

    Iguchi, T., T. Nakajima, A. P. Khain, K. Saito, T. Takemura, H. Okamoto, T. Nishizawa, and W.-K. Tao (2012). Evaluation of Cloud Microphysics in JMA-NHM Simulations Using Bin or Bulk Microphysical Schemes through Comparison with Cloud Radar Observations J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 2566-2586

    Iguchi, T., T. Matsui, A. Tokay, P. Kollias, and W.-K. Tao (2012). Two distinct modes in one-day rainfall event during MC3E field campaign: Analyses of disdrometer observations and WRF-SBM simulation. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39(L24805).

    Iguchi, T., T. Matsui, J. J. Shi, W.-K. Tao, A. P. Khain, A. Hou, R. Cifelli, A. Heymsfield, and A. Tokay (2012). Numerical analysis using WRF-SBM for the cloud microphysical structures in the C3VP field campaign: Impacts of supercooled droplets and resultant riming on snow microphysics. J. Geophys. Res., 117(D23206).

    Mohr, K., W.-K. Tao, J.-D. Chern, S. V. Kumar, and C. D. Peters-Lidard (2012). The NASA-Goddard Multi-scale Modeling Framework-Land Information System: Global land/atmosphere interaction with resolved convection Environmental Modelling & Software, 39, 103-115

    Shen, B.-W., W.-K. Tao, and Y.-L. Lin (2012). Genesis of Twin Tropical Cyclones as Revealed by a Global Mesoscale Model: The Role of Mixed Rossby Gravity Waves J. of Geophysical Res./Atmos., 117(D13).

    Shen, B.-W., W.-K. Tao, and Y.-L. Lin (2012). Correction to “Genesis of twin tropical cyclones as revealed by a global mesoscale model: The role of mixed Rossby gravity waves” J. of Geophys. Res. Atmos, 117(D16199).

    Tao, W.-K., J.-P. Chen, Z.-Q. Li, C. Wang, and C.-D. Zhang (2012). The impact of Aerosol on convective cloud and precipitation Rev. Geophys., 50(RG2011).

    Tapiador, F., W.-K. Tao, J. J. Shi, C. F. Angelis, M. A. Martinez, C. Marcos, A. Rodriguez, and A. Hou (2012). A Comparison of Perturbed Initial Conditions and Multiphysics Ensembles in a Severe Weather Episode in Spain J. Appl. Meteor. Climato., 51(3), 489-504

    Chen,Wei-Ting , Christopher P. Woods, Jui-Lin F. Li, Duane E. Waliser, J. Chern, W. Tao, Jonathan H. Jiang, and Adrian M. Tompkins (2011). Partitioning CloudSat ice water content for comparison with upper tropospheric ice in global atmospheric models J.Geophys.Res.Atmos., 116(D19206), 16 Pages

    Lang, S., W. Tao, X. Zeng, and Yaping Li (2011). Reducing the Biases in Simulated Radar Reflectivities from a Bulk Microphysics Scheme: Tropical Convective Systems J.Atmos.Sci., 68(10), 2306-2320

    Shen, B., W. Tao, and B. Green (2011). Coupling Advanced Modeling and Visualization to Improve High-Impact Tropical Weather Prediction Computing in Science & Engineering, 13(5), 56 - 67

    Tao, W., Jainn Jong Shi, Shuyi S. Chen, S. Lang, Pay-Liam Lin, Song-You Hong, Christa Peters-Lidard, and A. Hou (2011). The impact of microphysical schemes on hurricane intensity and track Asia-Pacific J.Atmos.Sci., 47(1), 1-16

    Tao, W., Jainn Jong Shi, Pay-Lin Lin, Jhihying Chen, S. Lang, Mei-Yu Chang, Ming-Jen Yang, Chun-Chien Wu, Christa Peters-Lidard, Chung-Hsiung Sui, and Ben Jong-Dao Jou (2011). High-Resolution Numerical Simulation of the Extreme Rainfall Associated with Typhoon Morakot. Part I: Comparing the Impact of Microphysics and PBL Parameterizations with Observations Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 22(6), 673-696

    Zeng, X., W. Tao, T. Matsui, Shaocheng Xie, S. Lang, Minghua Zhang, D. Starr, X. Li, and J. Simpson (2011). Estimating the Ice Crystal Enhancement Factor in the Tropics J. Atmos. Sci., 68(7), 1424-1434

    Hagos S., C. Zhang, W. Tao, S. Lang, Y. N. Takayabu, S. Shige, M. Katsumata, W.S. Olson, and T. L’Ecuyer (2010). Estimates of Tropical Diabatic Heating Profiles: Commonalities and Uncertainties J. Climate, 23(3), 542–558

    Li, X., W. Tao, T. Matsui, Li Chuntao, and Masunaga Hirohiko (2010). Improving a spectral bin microphysical scheme using TRMM satellite observations Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 136(647), 382-399

    M.-I. Lee, I. Choi, W. Tao, S.D. Schubeert, and I.-K. Kang (2010). Mechanisms of diurnal precipitation over the US great plains: a cloud resolving model perspective Climate. Dyn., 34(2), 2-3

    Masunaga Hirohiko, T. Matsui, W. Tao, A. Hou, Christian D. Kummerow, Teruyuki Nakajima, Peter Bauer, W.S. Olson, Miho Sekiguchi, and Takashi Y. Nakajima (2010). Satellite Data Simulator Unit: A multisensor, multispectral Satellite Simulator Package Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91(12), 1625-1632

    Matsui T., D.M. Mocko, M. -I. Lee, W.-K. Tao, M. J. Suarez, and R. A. Pielke (2010). Ten-year climatology of summertime diurnal rainfall rate over the conterminous U.S. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L13807.

    Ott L.E., K.E. Pickering, G.L. Stenchikov, D.J. Allen, A.J. DeCaria, B. Ridley, R.F. Lin, S. Lang, and W. Tao (2010). Production of lightning NOx and its vertical distribution calculated from 3-D cloud-scale chemical transport model simulations J. Geophys. Res., 115

    Shen, B., W. Tao, W. Lau, and Atlas R. (2010). Predicting tropical cyclogenesis with a global mesoscale model: Hierarchical multiscale interactions during the formation of tropical cyclone Nargis (2008) J. Geophys. Res., 115(D14102), 15 pages

    Shen, B., W. Tao, and M.-L. Wu (2010). African Easterly Waves in 30-day High-resolution Global Simulations: A Case Study during the 2006 NAMMA Period Geophys. Res. Lett., 37(L18803).

    Shen, B., W. Tao, W. Lau, and R. Atlas (2010). Predicting tropical cyclogenesis with a gobal mesoscale model: Hirarchical multiscale interactions during the formation of tropical cyclone Nargis (2008) J. Geophys. Res., 115, D14102

    Shen, B., W. Tao, and B. Green (2010). Coupling NASA Advanced Multi-Scale Modeling and Concurrent Visualization Systems for Improving Predictions of Tropical High-Impact Weather (CAMVis). In IEEE Computer Society. (1-1). Computing in Science and Engineering:

    Wind G., Shige,Shoichi, W. Tao, and Hirota Nagio (2010). Shallow and Deep Latent Heating Modes over Tropical Oceans Observed with TRMM PR Spectral Latent Heating Data J. Climate., 23(8), 2030-2046

    Zhang,Chidong, Jian Ling, Samson Hagos, W. Tao, S. Lang, Yukari N. Takayabu, Shoichi Shige, Masaki Katsumata, W.S. Olson, and Tristan L’Ecuyer (2010). MJO Signals in Latent Heating: Results from TRMM Retrievals J. Atmos. Sci., 67(11), 3488-3508

    Grecu, M., W.S. Olson, C. Shie, T.S. LEcuyer, and W. Tao (2009). Combining satellite microwave radiometer and radar observations to estimate atmospheric latent heating profiles J. Clim., 22(23), 6356–6376

    Jiang X. , D. Waliser , J.L. Li , B. Tian , W. Olson , M. Grecu, W. Tao, S. Lang, J. Tompkins, and T. L'Ecuyer (2009). Characterizing the vertical heating structure of the MJO using TRMM J. Climate, 22(22), 6001-6020

    Santanello Jr. J.A. , C. D. Peters-Lidard, S.V. Kummar , C. Alonge , and W. Tao (2009). A modeling and observational framework for diagnosing local land-atmosphere coupling on diurnal time scales J. of Hydrometeo, 10(3), 577-599

    Shige S. , Y.N. Takayabu , S. Kida , W. Tao, X. Zeng , and T. L'Ecuyer (2009). Spectral retrieved of latent heating profiles from TRMM PR data. Part VI: Comparisons of lookup tables from two- and three-dimensional simulations J. Climate, 22(20), 5577-5594

    Tao, W., and M. Moncrieff (2009). Multi-scale cloud-system modeling Rev. Geophys, 47(RG4002), 41 Pages

    Tao, W., D. Anderson , J. Chern, J. Estin , A. Hou , P. Houser , R. Kakar , S. Lang, W. Lau , C. Peters-Lidard , X. Li, T. Matsui , B.W. Shen , J.J. Shi , and X. Zeng (2009). Goddard Multi-Scale Modeling Systems with Unified Physics Annales Geophysics, 27, 3055-3064
    ISSN 0992-7689

    Waliser D. , F. Li, C. Woods, J. Bacmeister, J. Chern, A. Del Genio, J. Jiang, M. Kharitondov, Z. Kuang, P. Minnis, S. Platnik, W.B. Rossow, G. Stephens, S. Sun-Mack, W. Tao, J.A. Tompkins, D. Vane, C. Walker, and D. Wu (2009). Cloud ice: A climate model challenge woth signs and expectations of progress J. Geophys. Res., 114(D00A21), 27 Pages

    Zeng, X., J. Simpson, X. Li, D.O. Starr, X. Li, S. Lang, S. Xie, A. Hou, M. Zhang, and W. Tao (2009). The indirect effect of ice nuclei on atmospheric radiation J. Atmos. Sci., 66(1), 41-61

    Zeng,Xiping., W. Tao, M. Zhang, Y. Arthur Hou, S. Xie, S. Lang, X. Li, David OC Starr, and X. Li (2009). A Contribution by Ice Nuclei to Global Warming Q. J. Roy. Meteoro. Soc, 135(638), 1614-1629

    Guo H., Y. Liu, H. Daum, and W. Tao (2008). Characteristics of vertical velocity in marine stratocumulus: Comparison of LES simulations with observations Environ. Res. Lett, 3.

    Norris P. M., L. Oreopoulos, A.Y. Hou, W.K. Tao, and X. Zeng (2008). Representation of 3D heterogeneous cloud fields using copulas: Theory for water clouds Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 1843-1864

    Zeng, X., W. Tao, M. Zhang, C. Peters-Lidard, S. Lang, J. Simpson, S. Kumar, S. Xie, J. Eastman, C. Shie, and J. Geiger (2007). Evaluating Clouds in Long-Term Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations with Observational Data J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 4153-4329

    Zhou Y.P., W.-K. Tao, A.Y. Hou, W. Olson, C.-L. Shie, K. -M. Lau, M. -D. Chou, X. Lin, and M. Grecu (2007). Use of High-Resolution Satellite Observations to Evaluate Cloud and Precipitation Statistics from Cloud-Resolving Model Simulations. Part I: South China Sea Monsoon Experiment J. Atmos. Sci., 64, 4309-4329

    Olson W.S., C. D. Kummerow, S. Yang, G. W. Petty, W.-K. Tao, T.L. Bell, S.A. Braun, Y. Wang, S.E. Lang, D. E. Johnson, and C. Chiu (2006). Precipitation and latent heating distributions from satellite passive microwave radiometry. Part I: Improved method and uncertainties J. Appl. Meteorol. Climatol., (5), 45, 702-720

    Zeng, X., W. Tao, and J. Simpson (2005). An Equation for Moist Entropy in a Precipitating and Icy Atmosphere Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 62(No. 12), 4293-4309

    Tao W.-K., J. Simpson, D. Baker, S. Braun, M. -D. Chou, B. Ferrier, D. Johnson, A. Khain, S. Lang, B. Lynn, C.-L. Shie, D. Starr, C. -H. Sui, Y. Wang, and P. Wetzel (2003). Microphysics, radiation and surface processes in the Goddard Cumulus Ensemble (GCM) model Meteor. Atmos. Phys., 82, 97-137

    Tao W.-K., D. Starr, A. Hou, P. Newman, and Y.C. Sud (2003). A cumulus parameterization workshop Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 84(8), 1055-1082
    10.1175/BAMS 84-8-1055

    Olson, W.S., S. Yang, C.D. Kummerow, Z. Haddad, W. Tao, S. Lang, D.E. Johnson, S.A. Braun, C. Chiu, and J.J. Wang (2002). Estimation of precipitation and latent heating distributions by satellite passive/active microwave remote sensing Microwave Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere and Environment, 50-57

    Tao W.-K., S. Long, J. Simpson, C. -H. Sui, B. Ferrier, and M. -D. Chou (1996). Cloud-radiation mechanisms associated with a tropical and a mid-latitude squall line J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 2624-2651

    Lau, K.-M., C. -H. Sui, M. -D. Chou, and W.-K. Tao (1994). An inquiry into the Cirrus-Cloud Thermostat Effect for tropical sea surface temperature Geophys Res. Lett., 21, 1157-1160

    Lau, K.-M., C. -H. Sui, M. -D. Chou, and W.-K. Tao (1994). Reply to Comment on paper: An inquiry into the Cirrus-Cloud Thermostat Effect for tropical sea surface temperature Geophys. Res. Lett., 21, 1187-1188

    Tao W.-K., J. Simpson, C. -H. Sui, S. Lang, J. Scala, B. Ferrier, M. -D. Chou, and K. Pickering (1993). Heating, moisture and water budgets in the convective and stratiform regions of tropical and midlatitude squall lines: Their sensitivity to longwave radiation J. Atmos. Sci., 50, 673-690